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        Do any of you have thoughts to share on the following questions
about the figure of Mananna/n?

        First, the "Tree Cassyn" symbol associated with the Isle of Man and
the figure of Manann/an. The symbol is also found in Sicily and Germany, I
understand, and the earliest Manx evidence of its use as a Manx symbol is
supposedly from the thirteenth century. For these reasons, some have
suggested that the symbol was brought to Man by the Norse. However, P.J.
Joyce (as quoted in Daragh Smyth's dictionary of Irish mythology) says that
oral tradition in east Leinster as well as Man described Mananna/n as moving
very quickly on his three legs and surrounded by mist.  Is there any other
evidence associating Mananna/n and this whirligig symbol so reminiscent of
solar symbols found throughout Europe?

        Second, does Mananna/n's name come from the island (called Mona by
the Romans--same as Anglesey--and Eubonia by Nennius) or vice versa?

        Third, Mananna/n and Manawydan are often said to be cognate, based
on linguistic similarity of their names. But the figure of Mananna/n in
Irish myth and folk tradition is so very different from that of Manawydan.
What other evidence is there that these two figures are tracing back to a
single source?

        Francine Nicholson