Salem All

This crossed my desk as a post from Michael Gurstein's ICT-4-LED list.
It describes a special issue of the Journal of Global Information
Management devoted to

I have visited the Idea Group website (shown below as the publisher of the
Journal). It doesn't indicate the price of individual issues (or wehether
they are available at all in that form). The annual subscription price is
shown to be $75 for individuals.



---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Tue, 10 Mar 1998 14:10:32 +1300
From: "Tan, Felix" <[log in to unmask]>
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: JGIM Spring 98 Table of Contents

> Spring 1998 (Volume 6, Number 2)
> Official publication of the Information Resources Management
> Association
> Table of Contents:
> GUEST EDITOR: G. Harindranath, Royal Holloway-Univ. of London (UK)
> Editorial Preface: "Information Technology in Developing Countries"
> G. Harindranath, Royal Holloway-University of London (UK)
> Based on the success of the 1997 Information Resources Management
> Association International Conference, this special issue is an attempt
> to raise issues concerning the use of information technology for
> social
> and economic development.
> Article One: "High-Tech/Low-Tech: Appropriate Technologies for
> Developing Nations"
> Peter Loh, National University of Singapore (Singapore)
> Christopher Marshall, National University of Singapore (Singapore)
> CJ Meadows, Asian Institute of Management & Praxis R&C (Singapore)
> "A central (and long-standing) debate in the fields of Information
> Technology (IT) and Economic Development has centered around what
> (if any) information and communications technologies are ethically
>  "appropriate" for developing nations.  IT has largely been developed
> in the industrialized West under capital-rich, labor-scarce economic
> conditions, and inherently, a technology will address the special
> constraints in its generative environment.  Indeed, Schumacher
> pointed out long ago that "intermediate" technologies (developed
> especially for a developing nation's special circumstances) might be
> preferable.  Now, with the resurgence of interest in industrial
> technology
> (a la Schumpeter) as the driving force for economic development,
> policy makers, business leaders, and citizens in developing nations
> are asking whether advanced information and communications
> technologies are appropriate for the capital-scarce, labor-rich
> developing
> nations.  Indeed, the real question may not be whether they are
> appropriate, but whether there is an inherent difference between
> industrial and information technology (which would make
> "intermediation"
> unnecessary or even detrimental), whether IT can be (or needs to be)
> effectively adapted, and whether lack of access to advanced IT
> bars developing economies from the global marketplace, thus impeding
> economic advancement. The current paper first presents the context in
> which "appropriateness" has been argued, including the question of
> whether being part of the global marketplace really benefits
> developing
> nations.  The paper then outlines and provides criticism of the
> bipolar
> debate and activity to date, and offers a new approach to the question
> in the context of an "information age" world economy."
> Article Two: "Geographic Information Systems in Developing Countries:
> Opportunities and Options for Decision Support"
> Brian E. Mennecke, East Carolina University (USA)
> Lawrence A. West, University of Central Florida (USA)
> "Decision making at the national level in developing or developed
> countries requires the integrated use of information from a multitude
> of sources. This paper shows how geographic information systems
> technology provides a natural integration mechanism that is not
> naturally available in conventional systems.  The capabilities of the
> technology and their contribution to strategic decision making are
> presented as is a flexible architecture for implementing a national
> level decision support system based on GIS technology.  The most
> significant impediment to such a system is the availability of
> suitable
> data and strategies for developing data are also presented."
> Article Three: "GSS-Based Environmental Planning in Tanzania"
> D. Splettstoesser, University of Dar es Salaam (Tanzania)
> M. Splettstoesser, Marine Action and Conservation (Tanzania)
> "Environmental planning and natural resource management is frequently
> neglected in developing countries.  It is considered costly and
> difficult to align with common development priorities and with donor
> preferences, shows the prevailing development uncertainties, and
> may demonstrate lacking competence and management capabilities.
> Moreover, it has seldom, if at all, contributed to implementing and
> enforcing an integrated conservation policy.  This paper describes
> an attempt by a Tanzanian marine conservation group to break out
> of the vicious circle - inadequate planning leads to 'ineffective
> island'
> solutions that may conform to outside preferences but are not
> coordinated with an overall environmental strategy and may, indeed,
> worsen environmental problems which, in turn, require more
> 'fire-fighting' efforts.  The group initiated a new approach to
> devising
> conservation strategies with adequate IT support.  It used the
> facilities
> of the first Tanzanian 'Electronic Meeting Room' at the University of
> Dar es Salaam, to investigate and demonstrate how group support
> systems (GSS) can help to make environmental planning more
> effective and efficient. The authors facilitated the group's session.
> They demonstrate that GSS-based environmental planning can
> deliver high quality results, increase planning effectiveness,
> efficiency
> and group productivity, and enforce transparent decisionmaking
> processes, enabling participatory development, implementation
> and monitoring of integrated conservation policies."
> Article Four: "Informatics Diffusion in South American Developing
> Economies"
> Rick Gibson, American University (USA)
> "Lessons learned from the countries highlighted in this article
> suggest
> that appropriate transfer of Informatics to developing countries
> requires a framework that uses the abundance of literature
> highlighting
> the relationship of informatics and economic development. The
> informatics issues that concern developing countries are those
> associated with operational and infrastructure problems. This study
> seeks to identify important developmental factors by considering the
> situation in three countries in South America."
> Expert's Opinion Section: "COMNET-IT: Networking for Economic and
> Social Development"
> Gerald Grant, McGill University (Canada)
> This is a report on COMNET-IT (Commonwealth Network for Information
> Technology, an ambitious pan-Commonwealth initiative sponsored by the
> Commonwealth Secretariat in London. The rationale behind the project,
> its objectives and activities are all discussed in this report.
> Book Review Section:  Information Technology, Development and Policy
> Review by Shirin Madon, London School of Economics & Political
> Science (UK)
> The review finds that this book approaches the topic of IT in
> developing
> countries from many angles presenting a holistic view of issues at
> stake, ranging from the macro to the micro, and incorporating a range
> of multidisciplinary frameworks and research approaches.
> Designing Information Systems for Development Planning
> Review by Sridharan Balakrishna, London School of Economics and
> Political Science (UK)
> The reviewer recommends this book to anyone interested in
> Understanding the socio-cultural and political dimensions of
> introducing computer based information systems for development
> planning.
> For copies of the above articles, check this issue of the Journal of
> Global Information Management in your institution's library.
> Interested authors should consult the Journal's manuscript
> submission guidelines at
> All inquiries and submissions should be sent to:
> Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Felix Tan
> MSIS Dept., School of Business & Econ.
> The University of Auckland
> Private Bag 92019
> Auckland, New Zealand
> Phone: + (64) 9 373 7599 ex. 5256
> Fax: + (64) 9 373 7566
> E-Mail: [log in to unmask]

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