Re carpat ... cf Welsh 'cerbyd' (coach, chariot, vehicle)
----- Original Message -----
From: Dennis King <[log in to unmask]>
To: <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: Friday, May 07, 1999 1:08 AM
Subject: chariot, car, etc.
> Latin had two similar words: "currus" (= war chariot) and "carrus"
> (= four-wheeled wagon). The first was apparently a native Roman
> word, while the second seems to have been borrowed from Gaulish
> The English word "chariot" comes via Old French from the second of
> these, "carrus". As it happens, the Irish word "carr" (= car) comes
> from a Common Celtic word that would mostly likely had the form
> Thus one might claim that we English-users got "chariot" ultimately
> from the great-uncles, if not great-grandfathers, of the Gael.
> The Romans learned a great deal about wagon/cart/chariot-building from
> the Gauls, and imported a lot of Gaulish vocabulary to go with it.
> The list of Roman vehicle names that are arguably of Gaulish origin
> includes: benna, carpentum, carrus, cisium, colisatum, covinnus,
> essedum, petorritum, pilentum, ploxenum, reda.
> Of these, "carpentum" is worth singling out. It means "two-wheeled
> covered carriage" in Latin and appears to come from a Gaulish word
> that had the form *karbento- or *karbanto-. The latter would probably
> be the shape of the ancestor word of Old Irish "carpat" (= war chariot;
> mod. "carbad").
> Dennis King