De : Kathryn TOURE <[log in to unmask]>
À : [log in to unmask] <[log in to unmask]>
Date : mardi 4 mai 1999 19:21
Objet : Re: Re: UNDP in Africa
>>> Often, feedback from (actual) African beneficiaries indicates that
>>> the donor assistance made the difference between connectivity and
>>> not - training and not - competitive markets and not.
>>Ah, the point!! Beneficiaries.
>>If you define multinational (but US originating) ISPs such as Africa
>>Online as (actual) African beneficiaries, of course they have
>Just for your information, Africa Online was started and is still run by
>Kenyans, yes US-educated. At one point funded in-part by the American
>company Prodigy, but no longer. Headquarters are in Nairobi, Kenya. The
>company's over 150 employees across the continent are 90% African and
>trained on the continent.
>Africa Online would be around with or without Leland, for example. Africa
>Online will connect over 100,000 users to the Internet via mass
>communication centers in Ghana by the end of the this year without Leland.
>Smaller competitors, however, at least in Cote d'Ivoire market would not be
>around without Leland, and thus Internet would be less developed in this
>particular market at this particular point in time. Cote d'Ivoire *could*
>have refused Leland funding over the past several years and waited for
>France Telecom to come and rule the Internet market here, but what would
>have been the point in that? No program is perfect, and CI for example
>good opportunistic use of Leland; what's the harm? and let's be honest,
>Leland has promoted US gov't and foreign policy agendas for exportation of
>hardware/software from USA; is that what you find objectionable?
>I'm not a donor cheerleader and agree that many donor programs are
>and mismanaged, but I want to encourage more case-by-case analysis and less
>generalized bashing and personal attacks. Easy to criticize, difficult to
>create, n'est-ce pas?