I forward this for those of you in America Latina y el Caribe, Africa, and
Asia who have an interest in the implementation of a new IANA
organization, and how you can participate. As stated in the document
below, "A critical issue is how to ensure that the Board is truly an
international body that represents the various stakeholders around the
world. ...... Suggestions on how to ensure that the Board is truly an
international body are solicited."
To keep the process respectful and productive, please be constructive
with any comments or criticisms you would like to offer.
Regards - Saludos - Amicalement,
The Network Startup Resource Center (NSRC)
---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Mon, 13 Jul 1998 17:41:59 -0700 (PDT)
From: Jon Postel <[log in to unmask]>
To: [log in to unmask]
Cc: [log in to unmask], [log in to unmask]
Subject: Implementation of a New IANA Organization
The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is pleased to welcome
you to this list of people with an interest in the formation of a new
IANA. To help focus efforts and facilitate consensus towards the
implementation of a new organization, we will be sending you various
announcements and drafts for your review and comments.
IMPLEMENTATION OF A NEW INTERNET ASSIGNED NUMBERS AUTHORITY (IANA)
This is an expanded version of IANA's earlier discussion draft posted
on 26 June 1998 on the implementation of the new not-for-profit
Corporation referred to in the U.S Government's white paper on
"Management of Internet Names and Addresses." This draft reflects both
a variety of input on earlier documents as well as reports from the
Reston and Brussels meetings concerning this issue. This draft will
continue to evolve as input is received through additional
international meetings in Geneva and Singapore and from comments
received directly at IANA.
We emphasize that this paper is a compilation of ideas expressed by the
Internet community and are explicitly intended to be discussed. We
encourage everyone to comment. Our only request is that the comments
be substantive, and that any criticisms be accompanied by specific
suggestions for change or improvement. Comments on any part of this
document are welcome and solicited, and can be sent via email to
[log in to unmask] Comments concerning this draft will be posted at
www.iana.org (click on "New IANA", then click on "Public Comments").
The purpose of the new Corporation should be maintaining the
operational stability of the Internet by: (1) coordinating the
assignment of Internet technical parameters as needed to maintain
universal connectivity on the Internet; (2) managing and performing
functions related to the coordination of the Internet address space;
(3) managing and performing functions related to the coordination of
the Internet domain name system; and (4) overseeing operation of the
authoritative Internet root server system.
Given the historical functions performed in the United States, and the
need to transition these functions to the new Corporation,
incorporation as a non-profit corporation in the United States, and
probably in California, is a logical step. The nature and character of
the new Corporation's Board will be the true test of its ability to
represent the interests of stakeholders around the world.
There have been suggestions that point to the advantages of creating an
additional office(s) outside of the U.S.
Suggestions on the proposed responsibilities and location(s) of this
office(s) are solicited.
IV. Scope of Activities
The Corporation should be dedicated to preserving the operational
stability of the central coordinating functions of the global Internet
for the public good.
It should operate as a not-for-profit, cost-recovery, nonpartisan
corporation for charitable and public purposes.
The powers of the Corporation should be exercised, its property
controlled and its business and affairs conducted, by or under the
direction of the Board. Unless otherwise provided, the Board should
act by a majority vote of Directors present at a meeting, subject to
the quorum requirements.
2. Number and Qualification
It is critical that the Corporation's Board meet several criteria: (1)
represent the different interests of the various types of stakeholders;
(2) represent relevant interests from around the world; (3) be able to
function effectively. The Board should be comprised as follows:
(a) Three (3) Directors nominated by the Address Supporting
(b) Three (3) Directors nominated by the Domain Name Supporting
(c) Three (3) Directors nominated by the Protocol Supporting
(d) Six (6) Directors nominated by the Industry/User Supporting
The important condition is that the Board as ultimately constituted be
representative of the diversity of stakeholders.
A critical issue is how to ensure that the Board is truly an
international body that represents the various stakeholders around the
world. There are a variety of ways this might be accomplished,
including (1) limiting the number of directors from any one country to
no more than a specified percentage of the directors, or (2) requiring
those persons nominated for the Board by the various nominating
organizations to be persons of diverse nationality.
Suggestions on how to ensure that the Board is truly an international
body are solicited.
Each Board member should represent the interests of the Internet
community as a whole. Once he or she takes a Board seat, he or she
should not be the representative of a specific group, country, or
region, but rather a fiduciary for all those interested in and affected
by the operation of the Internet.
It is critical that the new Corporation be up and running sufficiently
before September 30, 1998 so that it can undertake to manage, in
conjunction with the Department of Commerce, the transition that is
scheduled to take place at that time. Thus, the Initial Board will
almost inevitably have to be a true consensus group, arising out of the
various meetings and discussions between the various interested
stakeholders. Such a group might consist of clearly qualified and
respected senior figures who would not participate in the governance of
this new Corporation past this initial period, and who could undertake
to both manage the initial period and to develop consensus in the
Internet community regarding further structural and operational details
of the new Corporation.
Such an Initial Board should serve for a relatively short time -- no
more than one term -- and should be responsible for recognizing the
Supporting Organizations that should be the source of regular Board
nominations. To ensure an effective transition, and to maintain
Internet stability throughout the transition, the Initial Board should
probably not all be replaced at the same time.
Suggestions on how to create an effective transition mechanism from the
Initial Board to the Permanent Board are solicited.
Because of the limited time available for a new Corporation to be
created, and to minimize any transition difficulties, concrete
suggestions as to who might be appropriate to serve on such an Initial
Board should be made as soon as possible.
Suggestions for Initial Board candidates are solicited.
3. Conflict of Interest
Each Director should be responsible for disclosing to the Corporation
any matter that could reasonably be perceived to make such Director an
"interested director" or any relationship or other factor that could
reasonably be perceived to be a conflict of interest. Board members
should be required to recuse themselves from any decisions in which they
have a direct interest.
4. Election and Term
New Directors should be installed at each annual meeting of the Board
to hold office until the end of their terms.
Except for the Initial Board, the regular term of office of a Director
elected should be three (3) years. Any Directors should be able to
serve additional terms provided that the total years of continuous
service does not exceed six (6).
The Board should also arrange for the terms of the Directors to be
staggered by providing that of the first Permanent Board elected, five
Directors should serve an initial term of one (1) year, five Directors
should serve an initial term of two (2) years, and five Directors
should serve an initial term of three (3) years.
Suggestions on how these staggered terms should be apportioned for the
first Permanent Board are solicited.
The Directors should receive no compensation for their services as
Directors. The Board may, however, authorize the reimbursement of
actual and necessary expenses incurred by Directors performing duties
VI. Supporting Organizations
The Supporting Organizations should serve as advisory bodies to the
Board and should have such powers and duties as may be prescribed by
the Board and the bylaws. The Board should be able to add additional,
or remove existing, Supporting Organizations by a two-thirds (2/3)
majority vote of all members of the Board. The Supporting
Organizations should be responsible for nominating Directors to the
Board and for recommending policies and procedures regarding the
governance and operation of the Corporation as well as the general
The Board should approve or reject policies and procedures recommended
by the Supporting Organizations subject to review for (1) compliance
with the articles and bylaws, (2) fair and open process, and (3)
absence of unresolved conflicts between Supporting Organizations.
The Supporting Organizations also should constitute the primary funding
sources for the Corporation in accordance with the policies established
by the Board.
In the interest of providing the framework for the organization before
September 30, 1998, special arrangements should be made for the
transitional period, focusing on unconditional corporate or charitable
grants, with the permanent funding mechanism to be established by the
Suggestions for initial funding are solicited.
2. Qualifications for Membership
Minimal qualifications for membership in the Supporting Organizations
should be established by the Board. Other than those minimal
qualifications, however, each Supporting Organization should establish
its own rules consistent with maintaining inclusive membership. The
Board should also be able to prohibit unduly restrictive membership
3. Description and Responsibilities
The bylaws should establish at least be the following Supporting
(a) The Address Supporting Organization should be composed of
representatives from regional Internet address registries. Until such
time as there are additional members in the Address Supporting
Organization, Directors from this Supporting Organization should
represent the American Registry for Internet Numbers ("ARIN"), the
Asia Pacific Network Information Center ("APNIC") and Reseaux IP
Europeens ("RIPE NCC").
The Address Supporting Organization should organize a committee called
the Address Council to make recommendations to the Board regarding
policies and procedures for the assignment of Internet
(b) The Domain Name Supporting Organization should be composed of
representatives from name registries and registrars of both
generic/global and country-code top level domains ("TLDs") and other
entities with interests in these issues (for example, entities
interested in trademark and related issues).
The Domain Name Supporting Organization should organize a
committee called the Name Council to make recommendations to the Board
regarding policies and procedures relating to top level (generic/global
and country-code) domains, including operation, assignment, and
management of the domain name system.
(c) The Protocol Supporting Organization should be composed of
representatives from the Internet protocol organizations. Until such
time as there are additional members in the Protocol Supporting
Organization, the Internet Architecture Board should act as the
Protocol Supporting Organization.
The Protocol Supporting Organization should organize a committee
called the Protocol Council to make recommendations regarding policies
and procedures regarding the management of protocol numbers, port
numbers, and other technical parameters.
(d) The Industry/User Supporting Organization should be composed of
representatives of organizations that represent Internet users.
The Industry/User Committee should organize a committee called the
Industry/User Council to make recommendations regarding the
advancement of the purposes and capabilities of the Internet, the
needs of Internet users, and other matters concerning the use of
Suggestions on how the Industry/User Supporting Organization could be
constituted, and whether it would be preferable to divide this
Supporting Organization into two or more separate entities are
The initial officers of the Corporation should be a Chairperson of the
Board, a Chief Technology Officer (CTO), a President or Chief Executive
Officer (CEO), and a Treasurer/Chief Financial Officer. The Board
should be free to add additional officers as needed.
The Directors and staff of the Corporation should be indemnified by the
Corporation from any personal liability or expense from developing,
promulgating, or implementing the policies adopted by the Board.
IX. Public Process
The Corporation should engage independent auditors on an ongoing
The Corporation should operate to the maximum extent possible in an
open and transparent manner at all levels. Board and Supporting
Organization meetings should be open to the public, unless and except
to the extent that executive sessions are expressly instituted for
stated reasons, and minutes and other materials should be published and
available on the Internet.
Any bylaws adopted by the Corporation should be altered, amended, or
repealed and new bylaws adopted only upon action by two-thirds (2/3)
majority vote of all members of the Board.
The initial bylaws of the Corporation should be transitional in nature
and aid in the initial governance of the Corporation. Consistent with
this purpose, the initial bylaws should be reviewed and replaced as
deemed necessary or appropriate by the Permanent Board within one (1)
year after it is elected. However, the initial bylaws should remain in
full force and effect until such time as they are amended or replaced.
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The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
P.O. Box 12607 Marina del Rey, CA 90295-3607
"Dedicated to preserving the central coordinating functions of the
global Internet for the public good."