Rick Russom wrote:
> >One Germanic valkyrie (Sigrun) has a crow-coat in which she
>> anyone ever tried to link these types of shamanic skin-changers to the
>> Celtic ones?
>Almost every book I've read on Celtic deities, including all the
>standard ones (Grren, Davidson, Sjoestedt) notes the similarity between
>the Celtic battle furies and those of Norse mythology. Both types are
>shape-shifters, but I would be reluctant to call them "shamanic."
>Shamans are humans who go through transformaitional experiences. These
>battle furies are anything but human. Or were you using "shamanic" in a
>different sense which I misunderstood?
My former colleague at UCLA, Angelique Gulermovich Epstein, wrote her
dissertation on the Morrigan. You might look for some of her published
As an aside, Beowulf in Old English means, quite literally, "bee-wolf," a
kenning for bear. It's worth remembering that the only human Beowulf
kills, Darkraven, Beowulf kills by crushing him to death with his bare
hands. You can compare a variety of other bee compounds, like beo-bread
for "honey comb," or even find the beowulf kenning used for a bear in the
The proto-IE root of Modern English bee, Old English beo is *bhei- ; see
Pokorny bhei- 116.
Lisa L. Spangenberg | Digital medievalist
My opinions are my own. | Who else would want them?