Dennis King wrote:
>The Indo-European world in general, and the Celtic world in
> particular, are rife with triplism. Early physical evidence
> of triple-aspect divinities include figures of mother goddesses
> (Matronae) seated in threes found in Roman Gaul and Britain,
> and the Genii Cucullati, cloaked male figures who usually
> appear singularly on the Continent, but in threes in Roman
I'd like to add a point: in addition to whole figures appearing
in triplicate, there are examples of coins and statues where a single
figure has three of some part, for example, a tripled-phallused horse on
a coin or a statue with three heads. Some writers feel that triplism in
such situations is a symbol of tremendous power.
Mike, for more detail on this subject, you might enjoy looking
at several of Miranda Green's books which cover the incidence and role
of triplism very nicely: _Gods of the Celts_, _Dictionary of Celtic Myth
and Legend_, and _Symbol and Image in Celtic Religious Art_. For
information specifically on triplism in goddess figures, try her _Celtic
Goddesses._ Anne Ross' _Pagan Celtic Britain_ has good sections on
triplism, too. All of these books are in print and easily available from
booksellers on both sides of the Atlantic.
For an introduction to the Indo-European antecedents of Celtic
triplism, I suggest Shan Winn's _Heaven, Heroes, and Happiness: The
Indo-European Roots of Western Ideology_.