At 11:13 PM 6/4/98 -0500, Jacqueline wrote:
After I wrote:
>> There is in NI a religious aspect to the conflict
>> which was lacking in both the Revolution and Civil Wars.
>True of the Civil War certainly, but not necessarily of the
>Revolution, particularly not in the New York area. Episcopalians
>or Anglicans were generally 'Tory' by and large, while
>Presbyterians and Congregationalists were 'patriots'. This
>was so evident to everyone that the Presbyterian churches
>in New York City were turned into stables by the British
The Presbyterian Church is the U.S. branch of the Church
of Scotland. Given the circumstances under which many Scots
arrived in the colonies, it's not surprising that they would have
a bias against the British government. The Congregationalists
were the descendents of the Puritans/Pilgrims who settled in New
England (after a brief stay in Holland) to escape religious
persecution in England. Again, no surprise that they would, as a
group, largely take a position against the British government.
The Anglicans, on the other hand, were people of English origins
who belonged to the established church. In the British government
and in social realms as well, Anglicans were favored by law over
dissenters (any member of a church other than the Church of England).
Naturally, most of them would support the British government. But as
you said, this is a "general" rule. There were surely many members
of these churches (many of the "Founding Fathers" were Anglican) who
supported the opposite cause. And when they did, they fought side by
side and religion was not an issue in among them. The two sides did
not view the conflict as an Anglicans vs. Presbyterians/Congregation-
This is the difference as I see it in NI. Religion is very
much an issue, not necessarily from a theological point of view but
from a political point of view. So far as I know, and I'm willing
to be corrected on this point, all the paramilitary groups active in
NI are organized along religious lines.