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AFRIK-IT  July 1997

AFRIK-IT July 1997

Subject:

Re: AFRIK-IT: Domain names kidnapped! (LONG)

From:

Dr Eberhard W Lisse <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

African Network of IT Experts and Professionals (ANITEP) List

Date:

Wed, 2 Jul 1997 21:25:28 +0100

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (261 lines)

Kerry,

This is NY Times' understanding of the issue, right?

At 16:35 +0100 2/7/97, Kerry Gallivan wrote:
>At http://www.nytimes.com:

>        "...The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, cyberspace's post office,
>activates a country's top-level domain when the necessary computers are
>online. And, if there's an administrative contact in the country.

Not true. Not true at all.

>          Those conditions have "led to some amusing Catch-22's," quipped
>Anthony Van Couverin, president of NetNames USA, a Manhattan company
>specializing in registering domain names. The Cocos (Keeling) Islands,
>".cc," "is still unassigned because the Cocos are an environmental
>sanctuary and it is by law uninhabited," he said.

I really doubt that. I would think that it is unasssigned because
there is nobody wishing to register it.

>        Burundi (".bi,"), Congo (".cg") Rwanda (".rw") and Zaire (".zr") are
>"shelling each other on the ground, but their domains, all run by the same
>guy in Paris, are doing a bang-up business: $350 for the first year, $260
>per year after that," continued Van Couverin.

Again, this is only an assertion.


So why don't we do a bit of research. Of course we would not expect
this from any journalist, right? :-)-O

Whois:

=>Zaire (Republic of) top-level domain (ZR2-DOM)
=>   NIC Zaire
=>   Boulevard du Trente Juin - B.P. 8854
=>   Kinshasa 1
=>   ZR
=>
=>   Domain Name: ZR
=>
=>   Administrative Contact:
=>      Zola, Matenda  (MZ298)  [log in to unmask]
=>      + 243 12 24 222 (FAX) + 243 12 92 144
=>   Technical Contact, Zone Contact:
=>      Gregoire, Fred  (FG301)  [log in to unmask]
=>      + 243 12 24 222 (FAX) + 243 12 92 144
=>
=>
=>Burundi (Republic of) top-level domain (BI4-DOM)
=>   NIC Burundi
=>   Avenue des Etats-Unis B.P. 4732
=>   Bujumbura
=>   BI
=>
=>   Domain Name: BI
=>
=>   Administrative Contact:
=>      Kayijuka, Fabien  (FK258)  [log in to unmask]
=>      + 257 222 711
=>   Technical Contact, Zone Contact:
=>      Gregoire, Fred  (FG301)  [log in to unmask]
=>      + 243 12 24 222 (FAX) + 243 12 92 144


So let's dig him (Yes I do run named 8.1 already :-)-O):



=>; <<>> DiG 8.1 <<>> nic.zr any any
=>nic.zr.                 1D IN NS        dns.nic.zr.
=>dns.nic.zr.             1D IN A         194.38.74.11

=>; <<>> DiG 8.1 <<>> nic.bi any any
=>nic.bi.                 1D IN A         194.38.74.11
=>nic.bi.                 1D IN MX        100 smtp.nic.zr.
=>nic.bi.                 1D IN NS        dns.nic.zr.

=>; <<>> DiG 8.1 <<>> 11.74.38.194.in-addr.arpa any any
=>11.74.38.194.in-addr.arpa.  1D IN PTR  dns.nic.zr.


Now that's interesting :-)-O

nic.ZR and nic.BI are the same IP adress and MXed if
necessary. Now what is even more interestting is that
the email addesses of the two domain administrators
who are said to live in different countries:


=>      Zola, Matenda  (MZ298)  [log in to unmask]
=>      + 243 12 24 222 (FAX) + 243 12 92 144
=>      Kayijuka, Fabien  (FK258)  [log in to unmask]
=>      + 257 222 711


have in fact the *SAME* email address.

Oh well, let's VeRiFY the addresses using sendmail,
always in for some fun:

~ vrfy [log in to unmask]
=>The dns.nic.zr Administrator <[log in to unmask]>
~ vrfy [log in to unmask]
=>The dns.nic.zr Administrator <[log in to unmask]>
~ vrfy [log in to unmask]
=>The dns.nic.zr Administrator <[log in to unmask]>

So onwards to Interpointin Lausanne:

=>; <<>> DiG 8.1 <<>> interpoint.ch any any
=>interpoint.ch.          3d19h9m45s IN NS  dns.interpoint.ch.
=>interpoint.ch.          3d19h9m45s IN NS  dns1.interpoint.ch.
=>dns.interpoint.ch.      3d19h9m38s IN A  194.38.74.12
=>dns1.interpoint.ch.     3d23h57m38s IN A  194.38.74.11


Now this is really interesting, Interpoint runs on 194.38.74.12
and their scond name server is the one that listens to the
ZaiRe BurundI IP addresses, hmm.


Indeed, as the traceroute shows, the box sits in Switzerland:

=>[...]
=>14  lsn-er6-e0.petrel.ch (144.85.3.9)  3009.72 ms  4817.72 ms *
=>15  lsn-cr1-s0.petrel.ch (144.85.3.70)  7220.01 ms * *
=>16  dns.nic.zr (194.38.74.11)  2850.02 ms * *


Right, so let's see what this entrepreneur has achived so far:


=>astra.bi.       86400   IN      NS      ns.domain.se.
=>astra.zr.       86400   IN      NS      ns.domain.se.

Hmm, some Swedish Outfit?

=>bp.bi.          86400   IN      NS      ns1.webservices.net.
=>bp.zr.          86400   IN      NS      ns1.webservices.net.

BP.

=>credit.bi.      86400   IN      NS      ns1.webservices.net.
=>credit.zr.      86400   IN      NS      ns1.webservices.net.

Lyonais?

=>dell.bi.        86400   IN      NS      ns1.us.dell.com.
=>dell.zr.        86400   IN      NS      ns1.us.dell.com.

Obvious.

=>ibpt.bi.        86400   IN      NS      dns.nic.zr.
=>izpt.zr.        86400   IN      NS      dns.nic.zr.

IBM?

=>losec.bi.       86400   IN      NS      ns.domain.se.
=>losec.zr.       86400   IN      NS      ns.domain.se.

Onother Swedish Outfit.

=>nic.bi.         86400   IN      NS      dns.nic.zr.
=>nic.zr.         86400   IN      NS      dns.nic.zr.

The NIC in Lausanne.

=>ppp.zr.         43200   IN      NS      ns1.uciz.ac.zr.

What's that? Other then sitting at the University.


=>turbuhaler.bi.  86400   IN      NS      ns.domain.se.
=>turbuhaler.zr.  86400   IN      NS      ns.domain.se.


And here another Swedish company.

=>uciz.ac.zr.     43200   IN      NS      ns1.uciz.ac.zr.

International Christion University of Zaire, jointly with the
People's Progressive Party. They are running in the Class B
network of Wayne State University, Detroit, MI.

But this entry is illegal. He has only one
name server for the zone which is in contravention of the
RFCs. Looking into his zone shows lack of experience...



=>zaire.zr.       86400   IN      NS      dns.nic.zr.

No idea.


=>www.boogie.bi.  86400   IN      A       193.74.242.9

Not reachable.

=>www.gay.bi.     86400   IN      A       194.196.78.10

Now, that's an interesting name. But It's in fact a box
for IBM Belgium.

=>fina.bi.        86400   IN      TXT     "Fina_BP_Burundi_s.a.r.l."
=>fina.zr.        86400   IN      TXT     "Zaire_Fina_s.a.r.l."
=>ic.zr.          86400   IN      TXT     "Inter-Connect"
=>sintercast.bi.  86400   IN      TXT     "Sintercast_Ltd"
=>ups.zr.         86400   IN      TXT     "United_Parcel_Service"


These are in contravention of the RFCs if I am not mistaken.
He does that as defensive registrations.


I read his web page http://nic.zr and he does advertise that
under certain conditions (in particular, genuine locals) registration
is free.

I think that if he does that, he is perfectly right in charging
the multinationals some serious money. I have no idea however, if
this goes into his own pocket or goes towards building a service in the
countries concerned. He seems to live in the Democratic Republic
of Congo (as per his telephone prefix).

I feel it is arrogant on the part of commercial DNS registration
companies who really have no stake in the matter other then just
brokering US Dollars into their own pockets to make comments on
what is going on in ZR and BI without any insight.

But probably it's only ignorance, being a US company official.


>Once a domain is activated, each country sets the rules for doling out
>names, such as fees, who can register, what they can register, and how to
>register.

Nope, the Administrator sets these rules along RFC guidelines.


>Minimum costs range from nothing to $1,000. About two thirds of the
>countries and territories limit registration to their citizens. Some
>countries honor trademarks, and registration procedures range from filling
>out a Web-based form to board approval, which is required in Japan (".jp")..."

Again, it's not the country it's the administrators and they can
basically do whatever they please as long as they abide by the RFCs.

el

--
Dr. Eberhard W. Lisse\         /              Swakopmund State Hospital
<[log in to unmask]>         *        |               Resident Medical Officer
Private Bag 5004       \      / +264 81 124 6733 (cell) 64 461005(h) 461004(f)
Swakopmund, Namibia     ;____/ Domain Coordinator for NA-DOM (el108)
Vice-Chairman, Board of Trustees, Namibian Internet Development Foundation,
an Association not for Gain. NAMIDEF is the Namibian Internet Service Provider.

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