Recently I posted a short story called
Am Bad Luachrach agus a' Chraobh Dharaich
I am doing this again, but this time sentence by sentence, with comments on
vocabulary and grammar. If I miss any point, or if anything is not clear,
please post a comment or query.
Sentences 3. & 4.
3. Cha dubhairt am bad luachrach facal. Dh' fhan e sa\mhach.
4. Oidhche bha sud an deireadh an fhoghair dh' e\irich stoirm mho/r o'n
dheas nach cualas a leithid o chionn iomadh bliadhna. Chrom am bad
luachrach si\os gu talamh roimh an doininn is leig e a' ghaoth seachad os a
chionn. Ach sheas an darach gu di\reach, da\na, calma ris a' ghaoith; bha a
freumhaichean gu la\idir daingeann anns an talamh.
Lit. = Did not say the clump of rushes a word. He stayed quiet.
= The clump of rushes didn't say a word. He remained quiet.
Lit. = A night that that was in [the] end of the autumn rose a great storm
from the south-west that not was heard its like since many a year. Bent the
clump of rushes down to earth before the tempest and let he the wind past
over his head. But stood the oak uprightly, boldly, bravely to the wind,
her roots strongly firmly in the earth.
= One night at the end of autumn a great storm arose out of the south-west
the like of which had not been heard for many years. The clump of rushes
bent down to the ground before the storm and let the wind [go] past over
him. But the oak withstood the wind uprightly, boldly, calmly, her roots
strongly, firmly in the earth.
Cha dubhairt This is more likely to be written nowadays as 'cha d'
Dh' fhan e sa\mhach = He remained quiet 'Dh' is placed before verbs in the
past tense and in the imperfect/conditional tense when the verb begins with
vowel or, as in this case, with lenited 'f' which is usually silent and,
begins with a vowel sound.
Oidhche bha sud = one night 'Sud' is now spelt 'siud' which matches the
an deireadh an fhoghair = ann an deireadh an fhoghair = in the end of
autumn. The 'ann' is frequently omitted in commonly used phrases. The first
'the' is omitted in Gaelic when one noun depends upon another.
o chionn = since (of time) Should not be confused with a chionn = since
iomadh bliadhna = many a year The following noun is always singular
roimh an doininn "Doininn' is the dat.case of "doineann' 'tempest' The
modern recommended form for 'roimh an' is 'ron' thus: ron doininn
'os a chionn' is a form of 'os a cheann', but is always written in the form
given here. 'os a cionn' = over [her] head 'os an cionn' = over our heads
Ach sheas an darach gu di\reach, da\na, calma ris a' ghaoith 'Seas ri' =
up to /withstand 'Gu' before an adjective makes it an adverb, but note that
the 'gu' is used only with the first adverb of a series.