> Date: Tue, 10 Jun 1997 11:48:30 +0000
> From: Shae <[log in to unmask]>
> > > Others would even
> claim a breaking point before those above > mentioned. Possible ones
> would be the Roman conquest of most of the > Keltike, leaving only a
> few Picts and Irish, which of course also > were quite influenced by
> the Empire, thereby de facto ending Celtic > culture and creating a
> new Irish and Pictish culture on the rim of > the known world (some
> people even argue that the Picts and Irish never > were Celtic, but
> always were a separate ethnicity).
To which Shae responded:
> This begs another question. There seems to have been quite a
> difference between at least some aspects of continental celtic culture
> and that of their insular counterparts. For example, many continental
> celts built and lived in towns, whereas Irish celts did not build
> towns but lived in farmsteads scattered around the countryside..
Yes, there are a lot of differences, and Irish Celtic culture
definitly, even in prehistoric times, has its specifics. The town
thing is a good example, even though the towns in which the
continental Celts lived are something that most often did not
resemble anything that we would think of as a town. In fact, most of
those "towns" were in fact farms like they also existed scattered around
the countryside, only grouped together and surrounded by a wall.
However, there are a lot of other differences as well. For instance,
while the continental and british Celts used pottery by and large,
there seemingly exists not a single piece of Irish Iron Age pottery.
Looks as if the Irish simply didn't use pottery. Also, the Irish La
Tene style is influenced by the continental and the British one, but
it always keeps its specifics. And so on.
> Are there other major differences and, if so, are they sufficiently
> major to warrant a division of `Celtic culture' into European and
> insular `sub-cultures'?
Definitly. There are even enough major differences to allow for at
least three continental "sub-cultures". The British culture is
also definitly different enough from the continent ones to be split
of as a subculture on its own, and so is the Irish. And some of these
cultures once again can be split into subsubcultures.
RAY (Raimund Karl,University of Vienna,Dep.of Prehistory)
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