Stiofan MacAmhalghaidh wrote:
> <<By the by, 'C' before an 'E' or an 'I' in Old English sounded like the
> 'CH' in churl. Hence, child (German, Kind), church (German, Kirke), and
> witch from Anglo-saxon (old English) wicce, which was pronounced
> something like "witche" with the final 'e' sounded like 'eh.'>>
> am I right in remembering that all instances of 'c' pronounced as 'ch'
> in OE as medial or terminal are represented by 'cc'? I must say I never
> noticed that the 'ch' pronounciation at the start of words was done with
> 'c' and not 'cc'
> The Mac I/
Wes thu Stiofan hal (be thou Steven hale)!
I don't remember a rule about Old English medial and final "CC" as
sounding like Modern English "Ch," but Old English c before i or e no
matter where it occurs usually sounds like ModEng. "ch." Old English
"cild" (child), sounds (amazingly) like Modern English "Child."
Strange things were happening in Old English. Nasals were lost; German,
Fuenf (ue= umlaut u); Old English, Fif, modern English, Five.
G before i or e usually sounded like Modern English y in "yet." (old
English, giet). But, it wasn't always that way because in the first line
Hwaet! we gar Dena in geardagum
Gar and geardagum alliterate. A "G" sound and a "Y" sound. Also, in the
Old Saxon dialect (those who remained in Northern Germany and didn't go
to Britian with Hengst and Horsa), g before i or e remained a hard g
sound like modern English "get," except at the end of words like Old
Saxon "weg" (way) which is pronounced like Modern English "Way." I
understand that in the modern Saxon dialect, German Weg is pronounced the
same _way_ today.
Interestingly, this sound change caused by slender (high, front) vowels,
may have been caused by Celtic influence, as, it appears, is the use of
"to be" in English as an auxiliary verb e.g. I am going. Welsh, "Ydwyf
yn mynd" [I am in going]. (I've been told by one of my German teachers
that the use in spoken German of the present perfect for the past tense
was also influenced by Celtic, but I'm not sure about that. Ray?).
Candon, [log in to unmask]
It's amazing how so many different things can be related to the Celts.
For example, the name Welsh was given to the Britons by the Anglo-saxons,
but the name itself comes from a Celtic tribe, the Volcae. And the name
German is almost certainly Celtic, to judge by the Celtic names of their
leaders, but to be fair the Germanii were probably a mixture of Celts and
"Germans." Which brings us to how amazingly similar the Celts and
Germans (language differences aside) really are.