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AFRIK-IT  August 1996

AFRIK-IT August 1996

Subject:

FYI: reply to Francine's question re rural tech centers in LDCs

From:

Andrea Kavanaugh <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

African Network of IT Experts and Professionals (ANITEP) List

Date:

Wed, 28 Aug 1996 09:04:39 -0400

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (410 lines)

Dear Afrik-It -
This online conference (now archived online, see below) may be of interest
regarding community centers incorporating network access in developing
countries.
Regards, Andrea


>Reminder to Community-Based Communication Centers Readers:
>
>
>The CCC discussion will end Wednesday (17 July) evening.  This list
>will be closed at that time.  An archive of the discussion elements
>and concluding synopsis will be maintained for a time at
>
>                               http://www.vita.org/technet/cccarch
>
>
>Thank you.
>
>
>Richard Muffley
>TechNet Conferences
>Systems Manager
>Volunteers in Techncial Assistance
>
>
>>From: [log in to unmask]
>>Date: Tue, 9 Jul 96 09:52:24 EDT
>>Reply-To: [log in to unmask]
>>Sender: [log in to unmask]
>>To: kavan
>>Cc: [log in to unmask]
>>Subject: SUB CENTERS ANDREA KAVANAUGH
>>X-Comment: Volunteers in Technical Assistance
>>
>>
>>Message from:
>>Carlos A. Primo Braga/Kris Hallberg
>>The World Bank
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>                    WELCOME TO THE TECHNET THINK TANK ON
>>                    RURAL COMMUNITY COMMUNICATION CENTERS
>>
>>                    JUNE 18 TO JULY 17, 1996
>>
>>
>>On behalf of the World Bank, we would like to welcome you to our SECOND
>>TechNet Think Tank -- this one to discuss Rural Community Communication
>>Centers. TechNet Think Tanks are being managed by the Volunteers in
>>Technical Assistance (VITA).  The objective of this conference is to
>>discuss and debate the concept of Community-Based Communication Centers
>>--- an approach to development that provides a mechanism to build new
>>partnerships among stakeholders (governments, NGOs, private sector, etc.)
>>and shifts control and accountability from central authorities to the
>>local level.  The discussion piece and questions that serve as the
>>starting point of the conference, as well as our panelists, are listed
>>below.  Please review this entire message for important Think Tank
>>instructions.
>>
>>
>>
>>STRUCTURE AND PROCEDURES
>>
>>It may be helpful to think of a TechNet Think Tank as an actual
>>conference, conducted entirely through electronic means. A group of
>>experts (approximately 15-20) from government, the private sector,
>>academia, NGOs and the World Bank are brought together as Think Tank
>>Panelists to exchange views on the conference topic.  The Think Tank
>>Moderator intervenes to consolidate the discussion, draw conclusions,
>>stimulate discussion, etc.
>>
>>We welcome your views in this conference! Since this Think Tank is a
>>broadcast only conference, comments from the general public cannot be
>>submitted directly to the discussion, but are referred to the Conference
>>Manager at VITA. This ensures that all messages are relevant, concise and
>>properly addressed. To submit your comments to this Think Tank discussion,
>>send your view by e-mail to the following Internet e-mail address:
>>
>>                            [log in to unmask]
>>
>>Messages should include a brief subject title and a signature with your
>>name, organization and e-mail address, and please make reference to the
>>question or comment to which you are responding. Administrative messages
>>can also be sent to the same address.
>>
>>
>>BROWSING THE ENTIRE DISCUSSION
>>
>>You can read the entire Think Tank discussion on Community-Based
>>Communication Centers, and other Think Tanks, by visiting the following
>>Web site:
>>                http://www.vita.org/technet/archive.html
>>
>>
>>CONFERENCE SCHEDULE
>>
>>The Think Tank begins on June 18, 1996 with an opening statement and is
>>scheduled to close on July 17, 1996. At the end of the conference, a Think
>>Tank Archive will be created by VITA which will contain a summary of the
>>key findings of the conference, full transcripts of the discussion,
>>resource related to the subject, etc. This Think Tank Archive will become
>>a separate page on the TechNet Web page and can be visited at the
>>following address:
>>                       http://www.vita.org/technet/pastarch.html
>>
>>
>>OUR STARTING POINT -- THE COMMENTS AND QUESTIONS
>>
>>Initial comments and questions that we intend to use as a point of
>>departure for the debate in the Think Tank on Community-Based
>>Communication Centers (CCCs) are the following:
>>
>>         There is growing acceptance that development has to be grounded
>>in local level initiatives and commitment in order to be sustainable and
>>to reach the poor effectively. This realization is redefining the
>>relationship between key local actors: communities, government and the
>>private sector. A community based approach provides a mechanism for
>>building these new partnerships and for shifting control and
>>accountability from central authorities to the local level.
>>
>>          A case in point are the newly emerging partnerships for local
>>information, communication and education, particularly in rural areas.
>>These community communication centers, or telecottages are emerging from
>>Madagascar to Peru, and from Scandinavia to India. They are as diverse as
>>the communities they serve, but many are self-financing after initial
>>start-up, and they all focus on the information, educational and
>>organizational needs of the community.
>>
>>          Demand for information and education among the rural poor is
>>growing, and is growing more heterogeneous. Sustainable farming will
>>depend less on the application of chemicals, and more on the sound
>>management of water, soils, pests, and nutrients.  Farmers will need to
>>better understand physical and biological processes and their ability to
>>influence them.  Protecting communal natural resources will require better
>>informed collaboration among herders.  Profitable farming will require
>>stronger links between farmers and markets, financing and inputs.  Poor
>>farmers are increasingly responding to market opportunities, resulting in
>>more heterogeneous needs for technologies, economic advice and
>>organizational skills.  Many governments have tried to satisfy that demand
>>through extension services in rural areas, mostly with high rates of
>>return. However, demand is rapidly outstripping supply, and the private
>>sector, and the communities themselves are stepping in, complementing
>>public services.
>>
>>          The World Bank's objectives of poverty reduction, sustainable
>>natural resources management and food security cannot be met unless rural
>>well-being in general, and a prosperous small-holder agriculture in
>>particular, are nurtured and improved. Information, communication,
>>education, mobilization and organization are all elements of a
>>knowledge-intensive approach to community based development.
>>
>>
>>Considering that:
>>
>>     1. demand for information in rural areas is growing, and growing more
>>heterogeneous;
>>
>>     2. development has to be anchored in communities, without ignoring
>>the importance of national level policies and politics;
>>
>>     3. information technologies allow rural communities to reduce the
>>disadvantages of distance by providing direct access to a variety of
>>sources of information;
>>
>>     4. while empowering the rural poor through horizontal communication;
>>
>>                ACCELERATED INVESTMENT IN COMMUNITY-BASED
>>                COMMUNICATION CENTERS WOULD BE JUSTIFIED.
>>
>>
>>
>>The following questions serve as the point of departure for our Think Tank
>>discussion:
>>
>>          1. If you would agree to the above, what are the main obstacles
>>that prevent a discussion of this subject and accelerated public and
>>private investment?
>>
>>          2. What should be done to promote increased, and accelerated
>>investment in CCCs particularly in rural areas?
>>
>>          3. What would be the first practical steps? In particular, how
>>and where do we mobilize resources to do a number of pilot projects?
>>
>>          4. Where can synergies be developed with the private sector?
>>
>>          5. To be practical, where do you think the Bank should support
>>community communication centers? Any suggestions for pilot projects? Who
>>should we contact?
>>
>>          6. In an effort to start mapping successful cases of
>>Community-Based Communication Centers, please provide a short summary of
>>success stories that are working in developing countries. Please provide
>>details as to the location, how it works, what are its critical
>>components, where does funding come from, etc.
>>
>>
>>PANELISTS
>>
>>Helen Aitkin  - is the manager of the TeleCommons Development Group, an
>>Internet consulting firm with a focus on community access, applications for
>>agriculture, education, rural extension, and international development.  Ms.
>>Aitkin worked for 16 years in the field of development communication,
>>educational radio for developing countries, and non-formal education. In 1994
>>she organized a conference on African Connectivity.  She is currently involved
>>in a series of Canadian rural telecommunication initiatives.
>>
>>Janice Brodman - as Director of Educational Development Center's Center for
>>Innovative Management and Training Technologies, Dr. Brodman has gained
>>20 years
>>of experience in designing, evaluating, and implementing organizational
>>development programs in the US and in developing countries. Her focus has
>>been
>>on effective technology cooperation, with specific attention to information,
>>communications and training technologies. She is the author of a number of
>>seminal works on factors contributing to successful technology cooperation in
>>developing countries, particularly with regard to information technology. She
>>holds a Ph.D. in political economy.
>>
>>Scott Campbell - is a Assistant Management Information Specialists at the
>>Department of Agronomy and Soil Science at the University of Hawaii at
>>Manoa (Honolulu, Hawaii). Dr. Campbell holds a Ph.D., M.S. and B.A. in
>>Agronomy (crop physiology and international agriculture).  His primary
>>international work experience was at the International Crops Research
>>Institute for the Semi-Arid Topics in India.  He has worked with the
>>American-affiliated Pacific basin islands on information systems for the
>>Agricultural Development in the American Pacific project.  Apart from crop
>>science, he has experience and expertise in agricultural information
>>systems.
>>
>>Caroline Carpenter - works with the Kellogg Foundation (US) in the area of
>>rural communications projects and agricultural information, primarily in
>>the U.S. but is expanding the foundations reach into Africa and Latin
>>America.
>>
>>Elkyn A. Chaparro - is Senior Advisor to the Vice President, Finance and
>>Private Sector Development, The World Bank. He served as the Chief of the
>>Regional Missions in West Africa in Abidjan and Dakar. He organized and
>>managed a Public Enterprise Unit, a Public Sector Management Division for
>>West Africa, and a Trade and Finance Division for Europe and the
>>Middle-East. He served in Peru as Resident Representative of the World
>>Bank and as Senior Adviser to the Minister of Economy and Finance. He was
>>the Division Chief, European Office of the World Bank, France. He also
>>served as the macro-economist on Peru and Central American countries.
>>
>>Steve Cisler - manages the Network Outreach Program in the Advanced
>>Technology Group at Apple Computer (Cupertino, California).  His background is
>>in public libraries where he worked for 14 years before coming to Apple
>>in 1988.
>>He runs the Apple Library of Tomorrow Program that provides equipment and
>>software for innovative research and demonstration projects in all types of
>>libraries. Since 1993 it has been involved in developing community based
>>networks where libraries are deeply involved.  Other programs in Network
>>Outreach include web publishing instruction and research and an effort to
>>secure
>>large amounts of radio spectrum for free, public use  in schools, libraries,
>>homes, and business.
>>
>>Royal D. Colle - is Professor in the Department of Communication at
>>Cornell University (Ithaca, NY).
>>
>>Johan Ernberg - is Coordinator of the Buenos Aires Action Plan (BAAP)
>>Programme 9-Integrated Rural Development, and Programme 12-Development of
>>Telematics and Computer Network, at the Telecommunication Development
>>Bureau of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), (Geneva,
>>Switzerland). He holds a Master of Electrical and Electronic Engineering.
>>He was the Project Manager for an Interregional ITU project (CODEVTEL)
>>involving some 60 countries in a cooperative for sharing of resources for
>>management and development of human resources. He is the author of the ITU
>>Training Development Guidelines (TDG) and has produced numerous associated
>>training modules and papers related to this project. His areas of
>>expertise include (rural) telecommunications, project management, human
>>resources management and development, telecom and information policies,
>>and origination development.
>>
>>D. Kaye Gapen - is President of Northern Lights, Inc., a consulting and
>>educational firm which demonstrates the potential of digital information
>>management, communications and collaboration to build new organizational
>>capabilities.  Gapen is also a Senior Advisor to the Morino Institute
>>which acts as a catalyst for change in taking advantage of networked
>>communications.  She has over twenty years of management experience in the
>>library profession with a special emphasis on the impact of technologies
>>on library programs and services - particularly on scholarly and other
>>communication. She has served as Director of the University Library, Case
>>Western Reserve University and Dean of Libraries at the University of
>>Wisconsin-Madison and the University of Alabama.  Current areas of
>>expertise and interest include research and analysis in the use of digital
>>age tools for economic growth and social development, including community
>>based information systems, nonprofit organizations, and libraries.
>>
>>Robert D. Hart - is the Exectuve Director of INFORUM. INFORUM's mission is to
>>use electronic communications tools to support cooperative research and
>>development. Mr. Harts background is in Farming Systems Research and
>>agricultural systems analysis.
>>
>>Rita Hilton - currently works at the World Bank in the Office of the Vice
>>President, Environmentally Sustainable Development.  Ms. Hilton's primary
>>interest is bringing the tools of institutional analysis to bear on
>>improving institutional arrangements for stakeholder access and service
>>delivery outcomes. She has worked in both the rural and urban sectors, and
>>has broad regional experience.
>>
>>Lilian Holloway - is the founder and head of the privately owned business
>>The Telecottage (Ammarnds, Lapland, Sweden) and is an international
>>spokesperson for the Swedish Telecottage Association.  This work engages
>>Ms. Holloway in a variety of activities concerning local development
>>activities in the field of information technology. Areas of expertise
>>include implementation of IT, flexible working in SMEs, use of IT to
>>provide connectivity, and establishing telecottages.  She is trained as a
>>systems analyst and in computer programming.
>>
>>Joep Houterman - works with the International Relations Department of STOAS,
>>a Dutch organization serving the agricultural sector in the Netherlands
>>and the
>>rest of the world, with their main activities focused on agricultural
>>education,
>>training and extension.
>>
>>Peter Miller - is the Director of the Community Technology Centers' Network
>>(CTCNet, formerly the Playing to Win Network), at Education Development
>>Center (EDC) (Newton, MA). CTCNet is a support project for community agencies
>>developing technology programs for those ordinarily without access and
>>currently
>>has more than 70 affiliates. Mr. Miller has degrees in philosophy, government,
>>and in Social and Political Theory.  He was previously the Executive
>>Director of
>>Urban Planning Aid, Inc., the first advocacy planning agency in the United
>>States.
>>
>>Jack Nilles - is founder of the management consulting firm, JALA
>>International, Inc., (Los Angeles, CA) and is known internationally as
>>"the father of telecommuting/teleworking" terms he coined in 1973. He
>>worked at the University of Southern California as Director for
>>Interdisciplinary Research and with USC's Center for Futures Research
>>where he led a number of studies of the impacts of information technology
>>and created the standards by which major telecommuting projects are
>>judged.  He has developed and/or evaluated telecommuting projects for a
>>variety of Fortune 100 companies, state, city and other governments
>>agencies. He is the author of four books, including The
>>Telecommunications-Transportation Tradeoff, the original book on
>>telecommuting.  His newest book, Making Telecommuting Happen, is a
>>complete how-to-do-it manual for telework program development and
>>management.
>>
>>Henry Norman - is President of Volunteers in Technical Assistance (VITA)
>>(Washington, DC).
>>
>>Stephen Quick - is currently the Manager of the Strategic Planning and
>>Operational Policies Department of the Inter-American Development Bank.
>>He holds a Ph.D. in economics and is principally interested in the
>>contribution that information and communication can make to the processes
>>of economic, social and political development.
>>
>>Tomas Rico-Mora - is the Project Task Manager, West and Central Africa
>>Regional
>>Division, at the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) of the
>>United Nations (Rome, Italy).  He is trained as an Economist/Rural Development
>>Planner and holds an Electrical Engineering degree.  Prior to joining IFAD, he
>>worked for the University of Michoacan, and as a consultant for FAO and the
>>World Bank. Mr. Rico-Mora has earned a place in the "Who's Who in Finance and
>>Industry 1996-1997".
>>
>>Heinrich von Loesch - is the Information Adviser, with the Consultative
>>Group on International Research (CGIAR) (Washington, DC) He is responsible
>>for the print and audiovisual media and public information program.  Dr.
>>von Loesch holds a degree in economics (Ph.D.).  He previously held the
>>position of Information Officer with the Food and Agriculture Organization
>>from 1970-90.
>>
>>Willem Zijp - (Moderator) is a Senior Extension Specialist at the World
>>Bank. He has more than 25 years of hands-on experience in agricultural
>>extension, communication and empowerment of rural people. He lived about
>>half of that time in African villages, but more recently worked mainly in
>>Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Middle East. The focus of his work
>>is to ensure more participatory and holistic assessments of male and
>>female farmers' needs; the promotion of more pluralistic extension systems
>>through decentralization and privatization; and the increased use of
>>information technology for rural development.
>>
>>
>>More to follow . . .
>>
>>
>>
>>KEEP THIS MESSAGE
>>
>>To remove yourself from this list, send the following message
>>
>>           To:  [log in to unmask]
>>      Subject:  (leave blank)
>>         Text:  unsub centers
>>
>>Please save this message.  It has administrative details that you will
>>need from time to time.
>>
>

Andrea Kavanaugh, Ph.D.
Director of Research
Blacksburg Electronic Village
Virginia Tech Information Systems
1700 Pratt Drive
Blacksburg, VA 24061-0506
tel: (540) 231-5488
fax: (540) 231-3928
email: [log in to unmask]

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