This relates to gov'ts not wanting their populations to have access to the
internet - their fear of loss of power.
>Date: Thu, 11 Apr 1996 18:46:00 +0100
>To: Multiple recipients of list CYBERMIND <[log in to unmask]>
>From: CND-Canada Editors[SMTP:[log in to unmask]]
>Sent: Sunday, January 21, 1996 5:01 PM
>To: Multiple recipients of list CNC-L
>Subject: CND-Canada, January 22, 1996 (CA96-003)
>+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ C h i n a N e w s D i g e s t +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
> (Canada Regional Service, CA96-003)
> January 22, 1996
>CND is a computer network-based news service run by volunteers.
>CND-Canada is a community forum. We welcome your contributions. We encourage
>different opinions and we commend political tolerance.
>Source: CND 01/16/96
>_From: Wu Wei
>BEIJING - A planned international Internet gateway in Guangzhou, Guangdong
>will not be built in the foreseeable future, CND learned from the PTA.
>The PTA, currently in hold of a 128 Kbps link in Beijing and a 64 Kbps link
>in Shanghai, is one of the only four bodies that are authorized by the State
>Council to build international links. Another two are the Chinese Academy of
>Sciences and the State Education Council, each in control of two
>international links in Beijing. The forth body is Ji Tong Telecomm, a
>subsidiary of the Administration of Electronic Industry. As the official
>owner of China's Golden Bridge project, Ji Tong is the only one among the
>four that has not had a single international link. Sources close to the
>company said that, while others were busy establishing one IP network after
>another, most of the Golden Bridge was still on paper, waiting for the money
>to come down.
>In a decision made in mid-December last year, the State Council not only
>restricted the number of providers of international links, but also
>restricted the number of places to host international Internet access.
>Beijing and Shanghai, the only two cities that already have such linkage,
>are allowed to host more.
>The planned Guangzhou gateway was announced last November as part of the
>PTA's ambitious multi-million ChinaNET backbone project. The administration
>said that, despite the cancelling, the ChinaNET project is to be carried out
>as planned. The new high-speed international links planned in Beijing and
>Shanghai will be built. The links are supposed to be mutual backups, using
>satellite and optical fiber, and at least two different international ISPs.
>As China's government is in fear of the "negative effects" of Internet
>popularity, all Chinese ISPs are ordered to stop processing new-user
>registration by January 8, 1996. One ISP told CND that a new regulation
>about China's Internet was in preparation. Beside electronic mails, it will
>also regulate access to information sources including USENET newsgroups,
>anonymous FTP sites, gopher sites and WWW sites.
>Last June, a person named Shannon Yeh flushed many E-mails that sharply
>criticized the Deng regime and praised past Chairman Mao into China. This
>incident was considered a serious political issue in IHEP, China's Internet
>birthplace. Some recent E-mail exchanges related to December 9, a student
>movement sponsored by the Chinese Communist Party in 1948, were said to be
>the direct alarm to Premier Li Peng about the potential harm to the Party.
>He reacted to this by slowing down the Internet development in the country.
>In accordance with its "open-door" policy -- open-gate could be a better
>term in this networking context, China is not willing to shut all gateways
>to the international Internet community. It is seeking advanced technical
>tools to get rid of the risk of opening the gate. CND learned from several
>research institutions that they are working on a "firewall," a device to
>defend unauthorized access to a network, that not only takes care of network
>security issues in its normal technical sense, but also can filter out
>sensitive keywords, such as June 4th, in the data flow.