ECOAGROFORESTRY LIST EAF-L NOW OPEN FOR SUBSCRIBERS
This EcoAgroForestry mailing list is based on the interest shown by many
respondents to the kenaf seminar and to the debate on rural and urban
development. This list has been established to provide a forum for the
business, industrial, agricultural, forestry, rural development, investment,
sustainable development, environmental and rural communities everywhere in
the world internet community to discuss topics in creating a livable,
productive and enduring EarthHome through EcoAgroForestry. Dr. Carol Cross
is pleased to be your hostess and hopes that this forum will be a means to
transfer technology, provide a medium for the development and
standardization of EcoAgroForestry rural agroindustrial systems, and to
advance the science and engineering of rural centers for sustainable production.
We expect the forum will be a springboard for the pursuit of innovative
approaches to rural development. Because the success of the group will be a
function of the involvement of its members, Dr. Cross invites anyone with an
interest and/or expertise in any of the above EcoAgroForestry areas to join
the list. Due to the complexities of creating sustainable rural
agroindustrial development, we welcome input from environmentalists,
engineers, businesspersons, investors, suppliers, development groups, and
others with similar interests. Anyone who wishes to contribute to this very
vital, important and fascinating topic are invited to participate.
Dr. Cross recognizes that EcoAgroForestry is not the only system for
creating a sustainable world. However, we feel it is an idea which can add
tremendously to the well being of all LifeKind, EarthHumans and ultimately,
the EarthHome, its limitations notwithstanding.
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The basic underpinnings of the list is EcoAgroForestry which is a new term
coined by Dr. Cross.
EcoAgroForestry - the development of sustainable, productive, long term,
human-based life maintenance systems. It involves the use of ecologically
sound methods of producing crop plants, animals and trees in a production
system that uses sustainable, appropriate inputs and methods. It includes
composting, biomass energy, solar energy, recycling, polyculture, wind
energy, biological pest control, organic farming and gardening methods,
aquaculture, water and soil conservation technologies and other appropriate
technologies that avoid the use of pesticides, insecticides, and
EcoAgroForestry also includes the industrial development of rural areas so
that people will not have to leave to find work and "a better way of life"
in urban areas? I propose that we need models for profitable rural
development that could create "a better way of life" in the rural areas of
the world. These projects for development should stand on their own, be
sustainable, and must be business-focused projects. As Danny Wong from
Singapore said, This is "indeed a revolution in the agricultural industries".
EcoAgroForestry will be focused on sustainable agriculture, sustainable
forestry and rural agroindustrial development. Rural agroindustrial
activities will be developed at two levels.
Level One will be EcoAgroForestry Village Business Incubators (VBIs). VBIs
will be low tech, with buildings developed from bamboo and indigenous
materials, using appropriate technologies. Level Two will be Rural
AgroIndustrial Centers (RAICs) which can include one or more production
level modules. In both these centers, production will be based on combining
kenaf with AgroResidues such as rice straw, wheat straw, sugar cane bagasse
and/ or forest wastes but they can also involve other crops.
Some suggested modules include but are not limited to: a kenaf plantation;
low tech livestock feed; a kenaf separation plant (core from stem fiber);
fuel briquettes; ecologically sound field and tree crop production of
foodstuffs (such as sweet sorghum and Leucaena nitrogen-fixing trees);
ecologically sound food processing ; nonwood paper; building materials;
reforestation center; reclamation center; sustainable logging and certified
forest products; production of organic fertilizers and soil amendments; the
SAMEI(TM) Strategy for natural cosmetics/ perfume industry development;
canewood products from bamboo, rattan, florals and handicrafts; aquaculture
projects; bagged silage system; feed pelletizing plant; kenaf remediation
products; kenaf fabrics; essential oils; industrial plant derived oils; and
Integrated Farming systems.
The EAF-L list has two agendas.
Agenda One - Establishing Rural AgroIndustrial Centers (RAICs) based on
EcoAgroForestry by forming consortiums of local people and internationals.
By combining local resources, international technical expertises, suppliers
and investments in the development of the RAICs, I am proposing a new
paradigm of economic development.
My goal is to have several hundred of these RAICs around the world in which
I will own 10%, more or less, depending on the situation. The purpose of
developing this business is to develop sufficient income for my real agenda.
I intend to use my own funds to start Agenda Two. However, anyone wanting
to become a part of Agenda Two is welcome to share themselves in a variety
Agenda Two - Establishing a permanent culture to bring the street children
(15,000,000 in Latin America alone) into a potentiating, caring and
compassionate, entrepreneurial culture. Clearly most of this will not be
accomplished in my lifetime. But by creating each of these entities as a
corporation, they can have a perpetual life and the work can continue after
my death. Donations and volunteers alone will not be able to sustain the
villages for the massive number of villages needed for the 15,000,000
children in Latin America, which is not addressing the 150,000,000 worldwide.
The children must become an asset to the village, not a liability. They
will do this by training to be provided to them and their developing into
entrepreneurs to create the income necessary for their upkeep. The children
will also give part of their time as members of the Green Force, replanting
local areas as part of their repayment for being brought off the streets.
There are no free lunches (I have never received one and neither will they)
and these children will not be given charity. Charity destroys self esteem
and people's innerness as exemplified by the destruction of the welfare
populations in the USA. These children will learn to work, to develop their
own small businesses and to give of themselves to the EarthHome and the
local communities adjacent to the villages they are in. Most important, of
course, is that they will belong to a community and be enabled to contribute
to that community. Additionally, each child is expected to bring another
child off the streets and be responsible for their development.
If you are involved in rural development, are an equipment supplier, an
investor, an entrepreneur, a landowner or just care about sustainable
development, I would like to invite you to participate in a lively
discussion of how ecologically sound entrepreneurship can meet the need for
sustainable development. Business is the contributor to governments. The
taxes come from businesses and indivudals, but the individuals get their
money in wages from corporations (or government via corporations).
Corporations also give to foundations who support nonprofit groups as do
individuals (via their income source, ultimately businesses).
There is only one source of resources on this planet and it is the
difference between what it costs to produce a product and what the product
can be sold for. This differential is thus the only source of the resources
needed to regreen the EarthHome, create sustainable communities and enable
LifeKind (us) to continue to live on the EarthHome.
We can work together. Business does not have to be destructive, as many
green businesses already are witness to. EcoAgroForestry is designed to be a
win-win scenario for all. As I tell people, there is no (Noah's) Ark today.
Some of my environmentalist friends act like when the Global Warming kicks
in, they will be saved because they recycled or they used soyink or
whatever. There are no boats coming to pick up the worthy and allow the
unworthy to die. We will all die or live together on this planet. Why not
work together and maybe we can all live. That is why we must all work together.
I look forward to your contributions. Dr. Carol Cross
At 05:10 PM 4/25/96 +0100, you wrote:
>This Internet influence on rural development is converting me from a lurker
>to an occasional pitcher.
>In The Gambia, where I come from, we have rural telephone services right to
>the easternmost village. Someone in Basse can call collect their relatives
>in Michigan from a card or cash-run telephone booth, or from a 'Telecentre'.
>This is thanks to a fibre-optics backbone running from the capital Banjul
>all the way to the end of the country on the one side of the River Gambia, a
>microwave backbone on the other bank, ALCATEL and the French (though nothing
>you get from the French is without strings).
>The Gambia Telecomms (GAMTEL) also has has a packet-switched data network
>and offered celluar telephone services for several years, and is very
>progressive in planning rural Internet services. A brilliant young engineer
>called Sankung Sawo has been brainstorming with the finest minds at the ITU,
>ECA etc, and has several excellent project ideas in the pipeline. The only
>problem is that because there is uncertainty over the political future (the
>current military government is due to expire this autumn but nothing is
>certain) no one at the highest levels of management at GAMTEL feels able to
>make brave decisions about using this excellent backbone to develop rural
>My belief is that even in a country with 35 % adult literacy, with few rural
>roads, with serious malaria problems, and virtually no natural resources to
>speak of, the Internet can be developed to aid the rural people. In any
>event, you only have to look at the statistics being put out in advance of
>the 'Cities Summit', HABITAT II, to realise that in 20 years time, rural
>life as we know it will be well-nigh extinct [sorry, I don't have the stats
>at hand but the prognosis is alarming]. As the rural-urban drift phenomenon
>continues, however -- as people move into poorly-planned and
>already-bursting cities -- the problems of sanitation, poor health, infant
>mortality etc will not disappear. They will intensify.
>So all those who have romantic visions of rural Africa should wise up and
>realise that wherever people are, they need the basics of development. They
>have political and civic rights, but also economic and social rights - the
>right to health, to work, to clean potable water, to education, adequate
>If the Internet can be developed in Africa with these sine qua non goals in
>mind, then fine. We should not make the mistake, as historically we have
>done, of espousing wholesale Northern models of development. We should adapt
>whatever technology is out there and can help us, and not waste time with
>anything that is not useful in the specific African contexts in which we live.
>Footnote: Zimbabwe, where I live, has excellent roads -- 50 times better
>than The Gambia -- a a number of spectacular buildings. Harare is considered
>one of the few countries in Africa Europeans would most like to live. But
>check this: the Internet is not officially sanctioned and the one active
>'full Internet' provider cannot guarantee its subscribers easy dial-in
>access because the PTC is among the worst I have seen. Investors are being
>driven away by poor telephony, and the local private sector is being
>discouraged from competing.
>By now everyone must know about the experience of Strive Masiyiwa and
>EcoNet. This former PTC employee, with 40 per cent overseas investment,
>wanted to establish a cellular telephone network -- which given the abysmal
>state of telephony made perfect sense. He first challenged the state
>monopoly in court and won. Then was restrained by presidential decree from
>going ahead. he is now challenging the decree. Meanwhile, the PTC has
>announced it too will launch a cellular network. Why did the government have
>to wait for someone in the private sector to win in court before it decided
>to improve telephony?
>My point is that there are different situations in every African country,
>and each has to be tackled. Trite statements about rural Internet solutions
>will not solve anyone's problems.
>Finally... I'd like to congratulate Sunday Folayan, who clearly knows what
>he is talking about, for his enervating contributions. Dr Lisse, abrasive
>'flamer' though he might be, has some good practical experience and lots of
>figures to back him up, and should also be listened to. Cochrane is doing
>good work in communicating the Leland stuff to a wide constituency and I
>wish more people 'up there' would do more to ensure that the African
>perspective is considered in planning Africa's Internet future.
>At 11:46 24/04/96 -5, Jeff Cochrane wrote:
>>Dr Richard Heeks argues:
>>> Roads provide essential goods and services to African villages;
>>> computer networks don't.
>>I wonder, if we installed a telephone in an African village, would
>>that be better? Judging from Dr. Heeks' implicit definition of
>>"goods and services", I gather that a telephone would not be any
>>better. Yet people seem to like telephones.
>>I recall a village leader in Sierra Leone arguing forcefully for my
>>assistance in acquiring a public telephone for his town. He
>>couldn't be bothered with email, however.
>>Jeff @ Washington, DC, USA
>>AfricaLink -- http://www.info.usaid.gov/alnk
>Peter da Costa
>Regional Director for Africa
>Inter Press Service (IPS) Third World News Agency
>127 Union Avenue, P.O. Box 6050, Harare, Zimbabwe
>Tel: (263-4) 790104/5 Fax: (263-4) 728415
>E-mail: <[log in to unmask]> or <[log in to unmask]>
>http://wn.apc.org/ips/ips.htm (South Africa)
>http://www.lead.org/ips/ips.html (United Kingdom)
>http://africa.cis.co.za (Worldnet Africa)
Carol Cross, PhD EcoAgroForestry Founder (501) 367-6127 (Ph)
2801 Olive, #35A, Suite 113 (501) 367-8736(FAX)
Pine Bluff, AR 71611 Email: [log in to unmask]
Together we Can Create A Sustainable World Through EcoAgroForestry
(Sustainable Agriculture, Sustainable Forestry and Rural AgroIndustrial
Development). Form Consortiums & Develop a EcoAgroForestry Village
Business Incubator (VBI) or Rural Agroindustrial Center (RAIC), NOW!
Become an EcoAgroForestry Entrepreneur and Regreen the EarthHome!