> Here's the result of a search in the OED.
Hmm, this could get Micheal et al back on the Anglocentricism thread!
> 2 matches
> Match 1
> Celt (selt), (kelt). Also Kelt (kelt). [a. Fr. Celte, ad. L. Celta, sing. of
> Celtae, in Gr. Kepsilon-lambda-tau-omicron-iota-. (A later Gr.
> Kepsilon-lambda-tau-alpha-iota-, in Strabo, etc., was probably from L.
> Celtae.) For conjectures as to a possible derivation, see Rhys, Celtic
> Britain (1884) 2.]
> 1 Hist. Applied to the ancient peoples of Western Europe, called by the
> Greeks Kepsilon-lambda-tau-omicron-iota-, Kepsilon-lambda-tau-alpha-iota-, and
> by the Romans Celtae.
> The Kepsilon-lambda-tau-omicron-iota- of the Greeks, also called
> Galpha-lambda-alpha-tau-alpha-iota-, Galatae, appear to have been the Gauls
> and their (continental) kin as a whole; by Caesar the name Celtae was
> restricted to the people of middle Gaul (Gallia Celtica), but most other Roman
> writers used it of all the Galli or Gauls, including the peoples in Spain and
> Upper Italy believed to be of the same language and race; the ancients
> apparently never extended the name to the Britons.
> 1607 TOPSELL Four-f. Beasts 251 The Indians were wont to use no bridles, like
> the Graecians and Celts. 1656 BLOUNT Glossogr., Celt, one born in Gaul. 1782
> WARTON Hist. Kiddington 67 (T.) This obstinate war between the insular Britons
> and the continental Celts. 1839 THIRLWALL Greece VIII. 411 The Celts advanced
> 2 A general name applied in modern times to peoples speaking languages akin
> to those of the ancient Galli, including the Bretons in France, the Cornish,
> Welsh, Irish, Manx, and Gaelic of the British Isles.
> This modern use began in French, and in reference to the language and people
> of Brittany, as the presumed representatives of the ancient Gauls: with the
> recognition of linguistic affinities it was extended to the Cornish and Welsh,
> and so to the Irish, Manx, and Scottish Gaelic. CELTIC has thus become a name
> for one of the great branches of the Aryan family of languages (see CELTIC);
> and the name Celt has come to be applied to any one who speaks (or is
> descended from those who spoke) any Celtic language. But it is not certain
> that these constitute one race ethnologically; it is generally held that they
> represent at least two `races', markedly differing in physical
> characteristics. Popular notions, however, associate `race' with language,
> and it is common to speak of the `Celts' and `Celtic race' as an ethnological
> unity having certain supposed physical and moral characteristics, especially
> as distinguished from `Saxon' or `Teuton'.
> 1703 PEZRON (title), Antiquite de la Nation et de la langue des Celtes. 1706
> JONES (tr. of Pezron), Antiquities of Nations, more particularly of the Celtae
> or Gauls, taken to be originally the same people as our ancient Britains. 1757
> TINDAL tr. Rapin's Hist. Eng. Introd. 7 Great Britain was peopled by the
> [Scythians] were the ancestors of the Celts, the same religion might be in
> Asia Minor and Skye. 1842 PRICHARD Nat. Hist. Man 185 This race, who had
> probably been expelled by the Italian nations and the Celts from Italy and
> Gaul. 1851 D. WILSON Preh. Ann. (1863) II. IV. i. 182 The Celts of Britain are
> apparently the oldest among the Aryan races. 1856 EMERSON Eng. Traits, Race
> Wks. (Bohn) II. 21 If that be true..that Celts love unity of power, and Saxons
> the representative principle.
> Hence 'Celtified ppl. a. (nonce-wd.), made Celtic in fashion or garb.
> 'Celtism, the distinctive character of the Celt. 'Celtist, one who studies
> the Celtic languages. Celti'zation, a making Celtic; conversion to being
> 1837 LOCKHART Scott xx. 459 Sir Walter's Celtified pageantry. 1866 M. ARNOLD
> in Cornh. Mag. Mar. 289 A more attentive and impartial study of Celtism than
> it has yet ever received from us. 1866 M. ARNOLD in Cornh. Mag. May 547
> Celtism is..everywhere manifest still in the French nation. 1866 M. ARNOLD in
> Cornh. Mag. Mar. 289 This is a very different matter from the political and
> social Celtization of which certain enthusiasts dream. 1885 Athenaeum 17 Jan.
> 86/1 The name of a French Celtist.
> Match 2
> `stone-chisel, sculptor's chisel'.
> The received or Clementine text of the Vulgate has in Job xix. 24 Stylo
> ferreo, et plumbi lamina, vel celte sculpantur in silice; but, though this is
> the reading of some MSS., the Codex Amiatinus and others read certe `surely'.
> Some hold certe to be the original reading (representing l(?)d of the Heb.,
> `for ever' of the Eng., which is not expressed by the LXX), and take celte as
> an erroneous alteration of some kind; others think celte a genuine word, and
> suppose that it was originally a marginal gloss on stylo, which was
> erroneously taken into the text, and subsequently altered to certe by some one
> to whom it was perhaps unfamiliar. But the independent evidence for a word
> celtes or celte is slender. The `vetus inscriptio Romae', cited by Du Cange,
> is a late forgery, and celte in it is app. from the Vulgate. One of the
> miscellaneous undated glosses in the Glossarium C. Labbaei (Stephens'
> Thesaurus) is `Glambda-upsilon-phi-epsilon-iota-omicron-nu- Celte', but this
> is prob. later than the Vulgate variant reading, and may be founded on it.
> Later also than the Vulgate is the gloss on Sidonius Epist. vii. 3 (Anecd.
> Oxon., Class Ser. I. V. p. xi. and 50) `Hoc caelum, ut hoc celte, celtis,
> instrumentum est quo caelatur,' which shows the ordinary explanation of the
> word in the Middle Ages. Celtes occurs however in two charters given in
> Lacomblet Urkundenbuch fur die Geschichte des Niederrheins, II. 331 (anno
> celtes seu fracmina lapidum per viam eandem', and II. 382 (anno 1319) `quod
> nulli frangentes lapides seu alii quicumque proicient seu mittent celtes seu
> alia fragmenta in ipsam foveam'. Here the meaning is `pieces or fragments, ?
> chips', of stone; the relation of this to the Vulgate word is uncertain. In
> Welsh, maen cellt, with the assumed meaning `flint stone', occurs in the
> Triads of Wisdom (16-17th c.), in Myv. Archit. III. 246; and cellt is also
> said to be (or to have been) known in Breconshire, in the sense of `shell' of
> a nut, etc.; but the status of the word is altogether obscure, and its alleged
> senses help the question little. In any case, celtes, whatever its orgin and
> character, was assumed, on the authority of the Vulgate, to be a genuine word;
> and, as such, the term was admitted into the technical vocabulary of
> Archaeology, about 1700. `In Beger's Thesaurus Brandenburgicus 1696 a bronze
> celt adapted for insertion in its haft is described under the name of celtes'
> (Ll. Jewitt Half-hours among Eng. Antiq. 1877, p. 32). Apparently the general
> adoption of the word by antiquaries was influenced by a fancied etymological
> connexion with CELT: thus the Grand Dict. of Larousse explains it as `sorte
> de hache gauloise en bronze'.]
> An implement with chisel-shaped edge, of bronze or stone (but sometimes of
> iron), found among the remains of prehistoric man. It appears to have served
> for a variety of purposes, as a hoe, chisel, or axe, and perhaps as a weapon
> others have sockets to receive a handle, and one, or two, ear-like ansae or
> 1715 A. PENNECUIK Descr. Tweeddale 203 note (Jam.), Supposed to be the
> ancient weapon called the stone celt. 1732-69 DE FOE Tour Gt. Brit. I. 309 In
> the great long Barrow, farthest North from Stone-henge..was found one of those
> Brass Instruments called Celts. 1796 PEARSON in Phil. Trans. LXXXVI. 428 Most
> probably celts were originally chopping tools. 1830 LYELL Princ. Geol. (1875)
> I. I. i. 3 The..stone hatchets, called Celts, found in our peat bogs. 1851 D.
> WILSON Preh. Ann. (1863) I. II. iv. 383 The Bronze celt..is found in various
> sizes and degrees of ornament. 1866 LAING Preh. Rem. Caithn. 40 The hammers or
> celts are almost all natural stones from the beach. 1878 W. H. DALL Later
> Preh. Man 8 A skeleton interred in the earth, together with the remains of a
> small iron celt.
> b Comb., as celt-maker.
> 1865 LUBBOCK Preh. Times 17 The celt-makers never cast their axes as we do
> ours, with a transverse hole, through which the handle might pass.