I have observed that Harry Allen has agreed to
the framing of the question of Africa's inbuilt
He also observed that the flow of wealth from
Africa to the Western world is in favour of the
Western world. I need to add here that through
corrupt leaders foreign bank accounts, unfair
trade deals and uncontrolled plunder of natural
resourses, the west enriches itself. Take a look
at the situation in Zaire, for example.
Harry, I suggest that you read the following books
as they give a pretty good picture of the colonial
and decolonization periods:
1. European Decolonization 1918-1981
An Introductory Survey
ISBN 0 333 316789
2. The Transfer of Power in Africa
Edited by Prosser Gifford
Yale University Press
3. Nationalism and New States i Africa
Ali A.Mazrui & Michael Tidy
These books will give a good picture of the deep
undemocratic nature of the decolonization process
through which most of the artificial nation-states
of Africa were created by our colonizers.
The Ethiopian experience shows the fact that the
post colonial state that was hammered into place
by colonial and post colonial super powers was
unable to deliver peace and development to the
peoples of Ethiopia as it was not , in the first
place , created to respond to the needs and desires
of these peoples.
Until 1991, Ethiopia , including Eritrea, which
was given to Ethiopia during the decolonization
process, was immersed in civil wars, starvation
and permanent poverty.
Even though Ethiopia encompassed over 80 different
ethnic/nation/nationalities, state power soley rested
in the hands of few ruling elements fron the Amhara
ethnic group. This led to the institutionalization of
conflict in the country. The result was the biblical
stagnation that stayed supreme until 1991.
Since then a referandum to end the civil war in Eritrea
resulted in the independence of Eritrea whose people
decided to seceed from Ethiopia. This was the only
single case of a new nation formation based on the
decision of the people in Africa.
For the rest of the peoples of Ethiopia, the new constitution gives them the
right to seceed if their
people decide to form an independent state. During
the Constitutient Assembly debate all the representatives
of the various ethnic/national groups opted to form
a federation with the right of secession as being the
guarantee that if a particular ethnic group finds
itself at a disadvantage, it can excercise its inherent
right to form an independent state.
It was to this experience that I referred in my first
I also agree with Dr. D Al-Dabass about looking not
at the past but the present. But I can not see how one
can ignore the past, particularly when we are faced
with distortions that are blocking the correct
articulation of our interests ?
In this respect I share Emeagwali's frustration in
looking for an other way to solve our problems.