The Hellenistic-Era invasions of the Celts left quite
an impression on both the Greeks and the Romans.
From the Greek kingdom of Pergamon (in what is now
Northwest Turkey--roughly where Troy was) comes
the icongraphy of "The Dying Gaul," famed esp. in
the Roman copy now in one of the museums on the
Capitoline Hill in Rome.
As for Rome and the Capitoline, the Gauls sacked the
city in 390 B.C. Legend tells that the Capitoline
Hill alone was held against them. A night attack up
the hill by the Gauls was repulsed when their movement
was betrayed by the sacred geese resident in Juno's
temple. When the Gauls promised to leave if a
handsome ransom was paid, the Romans gathered up
much gold. But one of the Gauls threw his sword in
the balance to make the Romans cough up more of
the best, prompting some Roman remonstrances,
and the famed retort back to the Romans--"Vae
victis!" (=Oh, pity the poor losers). Of course,
the Romans would get even 350 years later, with
Julius Caesar's conquest of Gaul (=France & Belgium).
And, finally, it is of course Paul (not Peter) who
wrote the NT's Letter to the Galatians. Or, as perhaps
most NT scholars would say, a pseudo-Paul.
John T. Quinn
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