Re. Celtic creation myth, John Carey has recently proposed that such a
thing survives, albeit in a somewhat modified and broken-down form, in the
Welsh tale of _Math_ in the Mabinogion. See his article in the journal
_History of Religions_ for 1991.
Re. general books on Celtic religion, there is also Jan de Vries's
_Keltische Religion_, which has also been translated into French.
Material culture and the archaeology of Celtic religion is also an
important source of information, though this is rather like having ruined
cathedrals and church cemetaries (but no bible) as the basis for deducing
a belief system. In addition to Anne Ross's books on these matters, S.
Piggott's _The Druids_ is worth looking at.
There were several Celtic gods whose cults were more than local: Matrona
`the divine mother', namesake of the River Marne, also worshiped around
Hadrian's Wall and surviving as the Welsh Modron and Madrun, her son
Maponos, mentioned in the Gaulish inscription from Chamalie\res and
surviving as the Welsh Mabon son of Modron, Epona, the horse goddess,
worshiped in Gaul and Britain. The one fully pan-Celtic god (and the most
important one) was Lugus (so called in Gaul and Spain) = Welsh Lleu, Irish
Lug(h). Caesar equated him with Mercury. He was patron of all crafts and
commerce. A good article is the late Antonio Tovar's `The God Lugus in
Spain' which appeared in _The Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies_ in
the early '80s.
On Mon, 18 Oct 1993, Tom Brehony, University Of Limerick wrote:
> What was the Celtic view of their gods? I know that it was very different
> from the Graeco-Roman view that we are familiar with. Did tribes have
> local gods? Did they view their gods as good/bad/indifferent ? Were the
> gods immortal ? Is their a Celtic creation myth/end of world myth ?
> Also where could I find out more about the above and related questions?
> Any good books that I could look up ?
> Any answers would be appreciated. Thanks.
> Email : [log in to unmask] %
> Phone : +353-61-333644 Ext 5024 % Tom Brehony, CSIS Dept.
> Fax : +353-61-330876 % University of Limerick, Ireland
> Witty quote wanted : Apply above.