On 07/03/2016 14:10, Helen McKay wrote:
> .... Wikipedia: The Latin name Hercules was borrowed through Etruscan,
> where it is represented variously as Heracle, Hercle, and other forms.
> Hercules was a favorite subject for Etruscan art, and appears often on
> bronze mirrors. The Etruscan form Herceler derives from the Greek
> Heracles via syncope < NW IE *haérku̯os ‘bow and/or arrow’; Latin
> arcus, earlier arquus; Gothic arƕazna ‘arrow’, OE earh. So this is my
> question: Is this very ancient tale and name of Hercules from this
> same old root of *haérku̯os ‘bow and/or arrow’ ? I
It has been my belief that the Greek "Heracles" means "famous protector"
and has nothing to do with bows or arrows. the "-cles" element
("famous") is the same as in names like Damocles, Sophocles, etc. etc.