Dear OI Listers,
43. *Doradois Maol Seac[h]lain saor*
*Fergal ō Rūairc is Aodh Bregh*
*i ngeimhil rīgh Rosa Crē*
*a meic Moire dana dé samh*.
doradois – no results as a verb, though Dineen has doraidh, adf., difficult,
smooth, or noun, hardship, difficulty.
43. Noble Mael Seachlain ....
Fergal O Ruark and Aed Breg
in the chains of the king of Roscrea
... Moire’s son till the day of summer.
44. *Eoch*ai*d mac Ardgoil na n-each,*
*Murchad mac Brain do c[h]rech*
*tuccais i ngeimil Brīain Breg*
*mac Bē binn dar fled samh*.
*tuccais*, Dineen has *tucaid*, a motive, cause or occasion, but this is
clearly a verb here.
44.Eochaid mac Ardgoil of the horses,
Murchad mac Brain of the battle plain
--- in the fetters of Brian of Brega
Bé’s sweet son till the festival of summer.
In verse 42 that we just did, Maol Runaid was forced down to Kincora in
chains, an historical event of AD 1011, recorded in the Chronicon Scottorum
thus: *'Sluaighebh la Brían go Mag Corainn, go rug les Righ Cineoil Conaill
.i. Maolruanaibh .h. Maoldoraidh fria rér go Cenn Corabh*.’ This appears to
have been the culmination of Brian's campaign to subdue the north, and there
is no record (other than our poem to hand here) of Tadg O Cellaigh's having
had any hand in the affair.
Mael Seachlainn in verse 43 was the king of the Southern Uí Néill, whom
Brian replaced as the over-king of Ireland, though Mael Sechnaill was still
allowed to retain the title of 'King of Tara'. They remained on good terms,
and together fought the northern campaigns to make the Northern Uí Néíll
acknowledge Brian’s new status.
Fergal O Ruairc had actually died AD 966 (Annals of Ulster) or AD 967
(Annals of Inisfallen), but figures nevertheless in the Cogadh Gaedhel re
Gallaibh (the twelfth century romantic biography of Brian) as one of Brian's
allies in the great battle of Clontarf AD 1014. So our poet of ‘Samhoin so’
had good precedent for mixing people of different generations.
I don’t know who Aedh Breg is, nor ‘Moire’s son’. and I don’t understand
what function the king of Roscrea is performing. The king of Roscrea should
have been the king of Ely, whom we met earlier as one of Tadg Ó Cellaigh’s
That’s all I have time to comment on just now, but I want to send this off:
lots to do today.
My best to everyone. All your comments, emendations and criticisms warmly