On Do, 7.05.2009, 22:43, Andrew J. Jacob wrote:
> I can't help but notice the apparent similarity (to my layman's eye)
> between the "rosc" in imrosc and "rosc" as in the cryptic type of OI
> poetry. Are the two related?
A difficult question. I would say "no", they are not in any manner
directly or at least closely related. This is apparently also the opinion
of Vendryes in the "Lexique etymologique". Curiously, neither word is
mentioned in Matasovic's "Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic",
although both may lay claim on old inheritance.
In any case, the etymology of "rosc" "type of poetry" is fairly clear. It
continues *pro-skW-o-m "thing said", from the PIE root *sekW "to say". The
etymology of "rosc" "eye" is less certain, but there is another,
homophonous PIE root *sekW which means "to follow". At least in Germanic,
this root is also used for "to see" (< *"to follow with the eyes"). If
OIr. "rosc" "eye" also comes from this root, it would also continue a
preform *pro-skW-o-m, perhaps originally something like "sight (capacity
of seeing)". Although in this case the two words would have been formally
absolutely identical since the earliest times, they still would have to be
regarded as etymologically distinct.