Early on, we noted a tendency for internal rhyme in the final two lines
of each stanza. That tendency can now be confirmed.
Here is a list of the relevant lines. I have printed the ryhming words
in capitals. Almost all (and possibly all) the stanzas show an internal
rhyme. Furthermore, a good number of stanzas have TWO internal rhymes.
I have probably made plenty of mistakes. So those who actually know
something about Irish rhyme might like to correct me please.
1. ‘Chlár’ rhymes with ‘rádh’, and there is a separate rhyme between
‘dúal’ and ‘bfúar’.
(c) fa CHLÂR BFÛAR nad fionn
(d) as DÛAL a RÂDH r[i]um
2. Provided the vowel in leasg is the ‘a’ rather than the ‘e’, ‘leasg’
and ‘fad’ would rhyme under the exception mentioned at Meyer’s Metrics p
33 (in which a single consonant need match only one of the consonants if
the other word features a consonant group). ‘Dunn’ and ‘crudh’, however
would not give a proper rhyme. Their vowels agree but there final
consonants are not of the same class. I do not know if they could be
rated as providing an ‘imperfect rhyme’.
(c) ni LEASG dunn a dhîol,
(d) crudh ar FAD a chîall.
3. The long ‘é’ does not match the initial short vowel in ‘leabhur’, but
the rest of these words are in accord. So this probably rates as an
‘imperfect rhyme’. Does anyone know what the line is between ‘imperfect’
rhyme and ‘no rhyme’ at all?
(c) da LÊANAR-SA as lêir
(d) fan LEABHUR-SA am lâim
4. Leaving the spelling ‘oile’ as it is in the MS, this either has two
separate groups of rhyming words, or one long extended rhyme. The
problem with the interpretation of this as one long extended rhyme is
that it is spoiled by the presence of the ‘c’ in ‘coire’.
(c) a CHNÁIMH COIRE ar cúl
(d) ba DÁN OILE úan.
5. One rhyme here.
(c) ar SHAOIRE an t(e)i thug
(d) egidh (êigid?) ê NAOIMHE a nod
6. I do not know if homonyms/homophones can rhyme with each other. If
they can, there is a second internal rhyme here as well.
(c) CARA dhlighidh du(i)nn
(d) dlighidh GABHA gûal.
7. One rhyme here.
(c) ni SEALADH ar sáith
(d) do LEABHAR a(s?) laoich
8. The candidates for rhyme here are ‘uaidh’ and ‘búain’. The problem is
the disagreement in the length of the ‘u’. There are examples of long
‘ú’ in the conjugated preposition ‘ó’ in DIL, and I think we would be
justified in reading one here on the basis of the rhyme scheme.
(e) uaidh do•gheabh do grés
(f) fer gach b(h)ûain re bao[i]s.
9. One rhyme here.
(e) bailg(?) fhis ar AOI a sgél
(f) ris gac[h] LAOI da lúagh(?)
10. The rhyme here involves consonant clusters. The rhyming of these is
dealt with in Eleanor Knott’s ‘Irish Syllabic Poetry 12-1600’ at p 6.
But here there is no problem as all the consonants belong to the same
(e) a CCUINGHID[H] nir chôir
(f) aran SUILMHIR sêimh
11. More consonant groups. As far as I can make out, the consonant
group ‘rn’ does not rhyme with ‘lt’. So at best we may have another
‘imperfect rhyme’ between ‘sgoith-mhuirni’ and ‘sgoith-s[h]ilti’. On the
other hand, ‘mhuirni’ would rhyme with ‘sibhni’, if that is allowed (and
assuming the vowel in ‘mhuirni’ is the ‘i’ not the ‘u’).
(c) Sgoith-mhuirni an mhîn mhôir
(d) Sgoith-s[h]ilti(?) sib[h]ni(?) shaoir
12. There are two separate rhymes here.
(c) d’ fhuil NÊILL na NAOI nGiall
(d) nar LAOI CÊIM ar ccûl
13. ‘Núa’ rhymes with ‘úa’. But perhaps we have one long extended rhyme
taking in the next two syllables as well? There are problems with that
though. The ‘u’ in Chunn does not rhyme with the ‘o’ in ‘anonn’. And
there is no match for the ‘d’ in ‘do’.
(c) sen NÛA anonn a fhrémh
(d) ÛA do C[h]unn an c[h]rao(i)bh
(e) Art CNOMHDHA ara chúl
(f) COMHLA re gort nglîagh
15. Is the ‘an’ in ‘anfolamh’ unstressed? I didn’t think it was.
‘Choradh’ would rhyme with ‘folamh’, but I’m not sure it rhymes with
‘anfolamh’ (even if the ‘an’ was unstressed!).
(c) Tonn choradh go cûan
(d) anfolamh loaig lán
16. Again this looks like two separate rhymes.
(c) BECH as GRINNE gaos
(d) fa SRET[H] SINNI ar sás
17. One rhyme. (There is consonance between eile and coire, but no
(e) D’F[H]ILIDH eile acht duinn
(f) DLIGHIDH coir[e] cnáim[h]
‘POSTSCRIPT’ One rhyme.
(e) da râdh DÔL [= dál] saint(h) oil [= áil]
(f) LÔGH dar dÛan do[a] dligh