----- Original Message -----
From: "Dennis King" <[log in to unmask]>
To: <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: Thursday, May 20, 2004 5:53 PM
Subject: Re: Campbell
> "Camibeul" "Crooked mouth" is how the name is usually understood,
> and the type of formation ties in with similar derogatory names
> already in OIr. Cp. for example "cammderc" "crooked-eyed" (Sg. 63a4,
> 70b8) glossing Latin "Strabo", and also used as an epithet: "Aed
> Caimdherc"; or "m. Cormaic Cams*rôin" "son of Cormac Crooked-Nose"
> (Corp. Gen. 347.21).
An alternative origin for the modern surname "Campbell" could be Anglo-Saxon
"cambl", "cambol" or "cumbol", meaning 'banner', 'ensign; or 'standard'
(bearer), a hereditary office. This is in keeping with early spellings of
the name (Cambel and Kambel). As I had mentioned in an earlier note, one of
the places we are connecting Campbell and Lee DNA to, is a village called
"Belcham" (within the town of Rayleigh, west of Ipswich). This was the seat
of the king's hereditary standard bearer at the time of the Norman Conquest,
"Sweyne, the son of Robert Fitzwymark". David, I would be interested in
getting your take on the etymology of 'cumbol'. Could the elements (cam +
bol) easily be switched?
"Cameron" could very likely be from the Latin "camerario", the hereditary
office of "chamberlain" to the king. "Adam Camerario" was witness to a
charter granted by King Alexander of Scotland in the 1120s, and "Herberto,
camerario" was witness to a similar charter in the 1140s. With just a
Christian name, and a title it is difficult to connect these to Clan Cameron
or Clan Campbell, but it is certainly more plausible than 'crooked nose' and
'crooked mouth'. A surname is something one adopts to express his or her
pride in one's lineage - not something to remind you of an ancestor's
disfigurement, unless the disfigurement was brought about by some heroic