> -gli wrote:
> "In 1787, Joseph II of Austria passed a law which required all Jews to
> adopt a hereditary surname and similar rules were made throughou Europe
> with Russia one of the last countries to make one in 1845. Some officials
> in Austria and Germany would only register names with favourable meanings
> if they were paid and as many could not afford this, they were assigned
> surnames with derogatory meanings."
That's interesting, but you have to understand that in Britain before the
late 16th Century, surnames were only held by the powerful and influential.
It was an honor to posess a surname, and a symbol of status. A commoner
would seldom be afforded such a luxury. The name "Cambel" appears eight
times in the Ragman Rolls 0f 1296, along with the name "Cambo" which
appears twice. "Cambo" may be a French pronunciation of "cambol", the
aforementioned AS word for 'standard'. The document is written in French,
showing the Norman influence on the king's court.