I`ve noticed your post are always quite disturbing.
I mean, I tend to accept things like "The god of
craftmanship it was Lugh Lambfadha (or whatever), the
Gaulish version of whom it was Lugus who named
Lugdunum. Later Lugdunum became the religious capital
of the Gauls, where the emperor Augustus was
worshipped. Then, if the cult to the emperor replaced
the former one, Lugus and the "solar-god -Augustus"
were much alike, and Lugdunum was ALREADY an important
sanctuary. Legend says the city was built on the place
that ravens indicated, and raven is often linked to
important gods (Bran, Odhin, maybe Cronos), so Lugus
CAN`T be a simple local god."
And so on and on...I mean, inferrings depend always
on "common sense", we can`t have certainties in
matters like this. What else can we expect? We can`t
send Margaret Mead in a time machine back to the 3rd
century b.C. so that she finds out the truth about
Celtic religion. And there is nothing such as the
Vedic himns concerning those beliefs.
The only possible way, I think, regarding the
poverty of our sources, it is to gather a lot of
hints, and THEN make an inferring. If you find
placenames devoted to Lugus all over Europe, you can`t
say he is a "local" god. If many tribes (one of them
here, in Asturias) chose a name which meant "the
people of Lug", then he is an important god, not a
The most commonly accepted theory, as far as I know,
it is to believe that the Gaulish Mercury, and Mars,
are Lugus` "interpretatio". Why shouldn`t we accept
Although this post may seem agressive, I think it is
good to find a sceptical point of view like yours,
when the web is so crowded with neopagans which seem
willing to accept any idea about celts without critic.
It was a pity I couldn`t take part in the debate
about the goddess of sovereignity. I have a theory
concerning to it, which links the story of Melousine,
Rihannon, Macha and the horse-race, and the
description from Geraldus.
As to the god of oaths, he is (according to Dumezil)
the most important of IE gods. Granting oaths means
granting the law, thus keeping "all" in order (ergo,
being the sovereign of all). It was the Dagda, in
Ireland, Tyr in Scandinavia, and Mitra (if I am not
wrong) in India. Lugus, as far as I know, was the
"violent" god of sovereignity (like Odhin or Varuna)
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