Thanks for the reply. Very interesting.
I recently obtained a copy of H.D. Rankin's _Celts and the Classical
World_ (1987), a survey of the Celts as they appear in Classical
literature. His section on the Galatians seems to describe a people
determined to maintain traditional Celtic social and "political"
organization. The three tribes (Tolistobogii, Tectosages, and Trocmi)
divided each into four Pentarchies (Septs?), each with its own chief,
military leaders and judge). The tribes evidentally pursued independant
policies, with representatives of the 12 pentarchies coming together to
discuss common concerns each August in a general "Parliament" at a
location called Drunemeton (all very familiar from Gaulish and Irish
parallels). There was evidentally a "Hellenizing" faction present, but
the conservative element held the preponderance of power.
Also, once they did "settle down", the Celts dominated the local,
largely urban population, but did not themselves take up residence in
the cities. They maintaines an essentially pastoral lifestyle, and ruled
from separate "strongholds" (Rankin calls them "castles" or even
"hillforts" -- both certainly misleading.)
The combination of a determined adherence to the old ways, yet
abandonment of the material culture associated with them is puzzling. If
it weren't for the texts, they probably wouldn't be recognized as
"Celts" at all. Complicates attempts to define "Celticness" even