Tom Smith wrote:
> I wonder if the pre-Celtic substratum in OI is of a similar
> miniscule amount and for the same reason?
It's hard to know what portion of the OI words without known
etymology is pre-Celtic or even pre-IE. I'm not sure whether
any OI words have been firmly identified as such, but just now,
looking into *teks (following Xavier's message on weaving, etc.),
I happened to read this in The American Heritage Dictionary:
Old High German 'dahs', badger... but more likely borrowed
from the same pre-Indo-European source as the Celtic totemic
name 'Tazgo-', Gaelic 'Tadhg', originally "badger."
But even here, the pre-IE pedigree seems to have been refuted
by Joshua Katz in a 1998 article that Xavier mentions in his
dictionary, s.v. tasgos:
"un article brillant... où il ajoute le mot hittite 'tas^ku-'
qui semble désigner une partie génitale, utilisée d'après lui
par métonymie (totum pro parte) de la glande odoriférante de