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AFRIK-IT  August 2000

AFRIK-IT August 2000

Subject:

Internet Access in sub-Saharan Africa - Research

From:

Leila Mottahedeh <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

African Network of IT Experts and Professionals (ANITEP) List

Date:

Mon, 28 Aug 2000 20:18:01 +0100

Content-Type:

multipart/mixed

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (64 lines) , que.doc (64 lines) , que.txt (252 lines)

Hello,

I am a Masters student in Information and Communication Studies at
Manchester Metropolitan University, UK.
My name is Leila Mottahedeh, and the basis of my research is to evaluate the
extent to which Human Rights Non-Government Organisations can improve access
to the Internet in developing sub-Saharan African countries.

Respondents to this questionnaire will have experience and/or knowledge of
Internet development, and the bridging of the information and digital divide
in sub-Saharan Africa.

I would appreciate any support through the completion of the attached brief
questionnaire.
The form can be completed in 2 types of format.  Please choose one
compatible to your PC  text only / word document.  There are 25 questions,
and it should take approximately 20 minutes of your time to complete. The
form has been designed to enable you to add your answers (in your chosen
format) using your PC. Once you have completed the electronic form please
save the document and then forward back to the above address.

Confidentiality  The information and comments provided in your responses
will remain solely as part of the research and analysis for this project.
The analysis will not include personal details.
If you are interested in the outcome of this questionnaire I will be pleased
to forward the information to you.

I appreciate you giving your time to this and thank you for your help.


Leila Mottahedeh
Hello,

I am a Masters student in Information and Communication Studies at
Manchester Metropolitan University, UK.
My name is Leila Mottahedeh, and the basis of my research is to evaluate the
extent to which Human Rights Non-Government Organisations can improve access
to the Internet in developing sub-Saharan African countries.

Respondents to this questionnaire will have experience and/or knowledge of
Internet development, and the bridging of the information and digital divide
in sub-Saharan Africa.

I would appreciate any support through the completion of the attached brief
questionnaire.
The form can be completed in 2 types of format.  Please choose one
compatible to your PC  text only / word document.  There are 25 questions,
and it should take approximately 20 minutes of your time to complete. The
form has been designed to enable you to add your answers (in your chosen
format) using your PC. Once you have completed the electronic form please
save the document and then forward back to the above address.

Confidentiality  The information and comments provided in your responses
will remain solely as part of the research and analysis for this project.
The analysis will not include personal details.
If you are interested in the outcome of this questionnaire I will be pleased
to forward the information to you.

I appreciate you giving your time to this and thank you for your help.


Leila Mottahedeh



Development and Internet Access in sub-Saharan Africa Please complete the following questions by typing your answers in the space provided. Section A: 1. What is your name? [Please type here] 2. What is the name of your organisation? [Please type here] 3. What is your position? [Please type here] 4. Does your organisation have a website? [Please type yes or no] Section B: Development 5. Have you had experience or worked with any of the following?     (a) International Human Rights non-Governmental [Please type yes or no]     (b) Organisations [Human Rights NGOs] [Please type yes or no]     (c) Internet Development and access in sub-Saharan Africa [Please type yes or no] (d) Information/Knowledge Management and         Human Rights NGOs working within sub-Saharan Africa [Please type yes or no] 6. Does your organisation fund telecommunication development in sub-Saharan countries? [Please type yes or no] "A global society is emerging with pervasive information capabilities that makes it substantially different from an industrial society: much more competitive, more democratic, less centralized, less stable, more able to address individual needs and friendlier to the environment." The World Bank Group Vision Statement: Ceres', The FAO Review, No.158 - March-April 1996 7. Do you feel that the Internet can improve development in sub-Saharan Africa? [Please type yes or no] Comments: [Please type any comments here]          8. In your opinion has the lack of IT and telecommunications resources         restricted or affected social and economic development in sub-Saharan Africa?                                                                 [Please type yes or no] Comments: [Please type any comments here] 9. Has the full potential of Internet access in relation to development in sub-Saharan Africa been considered and explored? [Please type yes or no] Comments [Please type any comments here] 10. Should the work of a Human Rights NGO, in providing Internet development and accessing information, in sub-Saharan Africa, include continued and sustained training and development in providing support and knowledge?                                                                 [Please type yes or no] Comments [Please type any comments here] Section C: Access 11. Which of following infrastructure issues do you view as most important for development in the organisations that you work with?         [Please grade in order of importance - 1 to 5]         Telephone infrastructure [Type 1-5]         Road / Travel infrastructure [Type 1-5]         Power (electricity, etc.) [Type 1-5]         Water [Type 1-5]         Other [Please Specify] [Type 1-5]                       12. Which of the following are the principle places that people can access the Internet in sub-Saharan Africa?         (a)Work [Please type Yes or No]         (b)Telephone Kiosks [Please type Yes or No]         (c)NGOs - contact or outreach points [Please type Yes or No]         (d)Human Rights NGOs - contact or outreach points [Please type Yes or No]         (e)Clinics [Please type Yes or No]         (f)Regional Human Rights NGO offices [Please type Yes or No]         (g)Schools [Please type Yes or No]         (e)Police Stations [Please type Yes or No]         (f)Community Phone Shops [Please type Yes or No]         (g)Telecentres [Please type Yes or No]         (h)Other [Please Specify] [Please type Yes or No] 13. In your view could possible restricted licensing in Internet development in sub-Saharan Africa create problems for Human Rights NGOs?                                                                 [Please type Yes or No] Comments [Please type any comments here] 14. In your view could possible censorship of the Internet restrict development in sub-Saharan Africa and create problems for Human Rights NGOs?                                                                 [Please type Yes or No] Comments [Please type any comments here] 15. In your experience are Human Rights NGOs concerned at the lack of access to the Internet and information? [Please type Yes or No] Comments [Please type any comments here] 16. Where Internet access exists, in sub-Saharan Africa, has there been an increase in communication? [Please type Yes or No] Comments [Please type any comments here] 17. Has Internet access fostered support and the exchange of information with outside regions in sub-Saharan Africa? [Please type Yes or No] Comments [Please type any comments here] 18. Will an increase in access lead to demands for government support, thus negating the role of Human Rights NGOs in the development process?[Please type Yes or No] Comments [Please type any comments here] Section D: Literacy Levels & the Impact of New Technology 19. In your opinion, is it the role of an Human Rights NGO to provide information, and routes to information, that reflects the social, economic and cultural needs of a developing country? [Please type Yes or No] Comments [Please type any comments here] 20. Is the term information society relevant to sub-Saharan Africa?         [Please type Yes or No] Comments [Please type any comments here] 21. Which of following would you recommend that Human Rights NGOs provide as a means to aid development through the Internet?         (a)Distance Learning Resources [Please type Yes or No]         (b)Funding / Development Information [Please type Yes or No]         (c)Community Information [Please type Yes or No]         (d)Newsletters [Please type Yes or No]         (e)Directory Links to Related Information            Sites (Portals) [Please type Yes or No] 22. Groups Provided For / Target Groups:         (a)Cultural [Please type Yes or No]         (b)Academic [Please type Yes or No]         (c)Women [Please type Yes or No]         (d)Young People [Please type Yes or No]         (e)Unemployed [Please type Yes or No]         (f)Worker's Rights [Please type Yes or No]         (g)Rural [Please type Yes or No]         (h)Educational [Please type Yes or No]         (i)Governments [Please type Yes or No]         (j)E-commerce/Business/Consumer [Please type Yes or No] 23. In your opinion do Human Rights NGOs need to take into consideration the long-term impact of introducing new methods of disseminating information and knowledge? [Please type Yes or No] Comments [Please type any comments here] 24. Do you believe that Internet development will increase literacy levels in sub-Saharan Africa? [Please type Yes or No] Comments [Please type any comments here] 25. Do you consider that there may be a negative response to new technologies within regional communities? [Please type Yes or No] Comments [Please type any comments here] Thank you for your time. Glossary of terms used: Email - Electronic Mail Development - programmes / strategies of improved and sustainable social and economic changes Information Society - a term for a society in which the creation, distribution, and manipulation of information has become the most significant economic and cultural activity. International Human Rights NGOs - International Human Rights Non-governmental Organisations [Large multi-layered, complex systems, such as Amnesty International, Oxfam, Action Aid and Save the Children, who are based in and receive funds from high-income countries but who work for the benefit of low income countries]. Internet Access - a network of computer networks that share information electronically using telephone lines IT - Information Technology Sub-Saharan Africa - sub-Saharan African countries, (for the purposes of this questionnaire, not including South Africa) Telecommunications - communication through electronic transmission e.g. telephone, radio, email, Internet, mobile telephones(thus enabling appropriate technologies for Internet and email access) Please return completed questionnaires to [log in to unmask]

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