----- Original Message -----
From: "C Gwinn" <[log in to unmask]>
To: "Celtic-L" <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: Friday, June 30, 2000 10:53 AM
Subject: Re: Solstice 4
> > The Celts that I know of did not worship the sun, it was merely a symbol
> of the God, representing the consort of the >Goddess, who is represented
> the symbol of the earth. The sun and the earth are symbols of the diety
> the >pagan Celts believed in. Lughnasadh is the God, Brigit is the
> Welsh and other parts of Briton had other >names for them. The Lady of the
> Moon, The Lord of the Sun, etc.. They kept many of these beliefs even
> the >Xtians came...
> This is all highly speculative (and I assume you mean Lug and not
> which is the name of his festival). Calling the sun and moon lords would
> indicate sun and moon worship to me.
> The simple fact is that sun-worship is widely represented all accross the
> Celtic world from the earliest of times. There are plentiful examples from
> Celtic art - note the Trondheim Disc, which features a large sun-disc
> driven in a cart by a horse.
> For ancient testimonies of sun-worship:
> 1) St. Eligius (588 to 660 AD, born in Limoges region) gave a sermon where
> he said "Let no one call the sun and the moon lords or swear by them, for
> they are but creatures of the lord."
> 2) 11th century laws of English King Canute forbade the adoration of "the
> sun, moon, fire, running water, springs, stones, trees of any kind, or
> blocks of wood."
> 3) St. Patrick, in "Confession," condemns those who adore the sun to the
> "punishment of the wicked." St. Patrick and St. Gildas were also in the
> habit of calling Christ "Sol Verus" (true sun) as a reaction to sun
> 4) 697 AD, laws of Adamnan are passed, witnessed by top clergymen and the
> securities of the laws are "the sun, the moon, and all other elements of
> 5) Cormac's Glossary, +/- 900 AD. Indelba is glossed as "name of the altar
> of idols, because they were wont to carve on them the forms of the
> they adored there, verbi gratia, figura solis."
> 6) Mid 18th century tale, "The Adventures of the Sons of Thorolb" has a
> passage saying, "it was custom then to hold a meeting once in every 3rd
> on Buaile na Greine (fold of the sun) on the south side of Slieve Callan,
> make sacrifice and adoration to the sun upon an altar." It is interesting
> that they met once every third year - for that is precisely the interval
> between the Intercalary months (which contain solstices) in the Calendar
> -C Gwinn