----- Original Message -----
From: Carla Bennink <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: 31 January 2000 12:35
Subject: Netcoast Mail: Land-Based Sources of Marine Pollution, Call for
> PLEASE SEND REPLIES TO Noelle F. Lewis [log in to unmask]
> Land-Based Sources of Marine Pollution
> Call for Papers
> A Newsletter for Coastal
> In the past decade, and especially with the 1992 UNCED Conference and
> Agenda 21, global attention to coastal degradation has been heightened
> on many fronts, including the enormous issue of protection of the marine
> environment from land-based activities. Although there continue to be
> substantial loadings of various pollutants from ship-based activities,
> the great majority (over 80%) of pollution loads to the marine
> environment originate from human activities on land. Such 'land-based
> sources' as they are called in the international arena, include point
> source loadings from municipal and industrial wastes, and the more
> diffuse (nonpoint) source loadings from agriculture, city streets and
> highways, forestry and mining operations, construction sites, marinas
> and harbors, and the deposition of atmospheric pollutants.
> In 1995, governments of more than 100 countries met in Washington, D.C.
> and declared their commitment to minimize or reduce the environmental
> effects of land-based activities. The 'Washington Declaration', as it is
> now known, further identifies the United Nations Environment Program
> (UNEP) as secretariat to a Global Program of Action (GPA) for the
> Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities. With
> the secretariat just recently fully staffed, a Coordination Office,
> housed in The Hague, is moving rapidly to assist and support the
> development of Regional Programs of Action under the auspices of the
> UNEP Regional Seas Program offices worldwide.
> This issue of InterCoast examines both internationally and in the U.S.
> some of the many topics being addressed in an effort to stem the effects
> of land-based activities.
> The following list includes some, but not all, of these topics:
> Sources of land-based pollutants or types of land-based activities
> 1. Municipal, agricultural, industrial, forestry, mining,
> transportation, atmospheric, etc.
> 2. Land conversion
> 3. Hydromodification (dams, flood control, channelization,
> dredging, etc.)
> Impacts of land-based pollutants (by type)
> 1. Sewage, Nutrients
> 2. Hydrocarbons (oil, grease)
> 3. Radioactive substances
> 4. Sediments
> Impacts of land-based pollutants (by functional loss)
> 1. Habitat loss
> 2. Loss of other 'free ecological services'
> 3. Impaired waters and uses, Harmful algal blooms
> 4. Economic and social impacts
> Management actions underway
> 1. Policies
> 2. Best management practices
> Constraints/challenges to effective management actions
> 1. Policy
> 2. Legal/institutional
> 3. Socioeconomic
> 4. Cultural
> InterCoast invites coastal practitioners to contribute articles on this
> and other subjects. Main articles are typically one to two pages
> (750-1,300 words). To contribute or request information, contact NoŽlle
> F. Lewis, Coastal Resources Center, University of Rhode Island,
> Narragansett, RI 02882 USA. Tel: 401-874-6870. Fax: 401-789-4670.
> E-mail: [log in to unmask] Website: http//:crc.uri.edu. Articles can be
> submitted electronically.
> Deadline: 20 February 2000.
> Noelle F. Lewis, Managing Editor, InterCoast Newsletter
> Coastal Resources Center, University of Rhode Island
> Box 53
> Narragansett, RI 02882 USA
> E-mail: [log in to unmask]
> Tel: 401-874-6870 [me or message] or 401-874-6224 [main]
> FAX: 401-789-4670
> InterCoast Website: http://crc.uri.edu/comm/htmlpubs/ic/index.html